Benchmark Financial Group

How Does Divorce Affect Social Security?

Posted by Gary Raetz How Does Divorce Affect Social Security?

We all know that divorce can make a deep impact on our financial lives, especially during the immediate time period surrounding the event. However, some people are surprised to discover, a decade or more after the divorce, that the consequences are more far-reaching than they had imagined! In particular, those who expect to claim Social Security spousal benefits should brush up on their knowledge of Administration’s rules. We don’t want you to be caught off guard when it’s time to retire.

You must be married for ten years in order to claim spousal benefits in the future. Those who divorce before the ten-year mark miss their opportunity to claim spousal benefits on their former spouse’s work record one day – even if you had children together.

You won’t lose spousal benefits if he/she remarries. If you’re otherwise eligible for spousal benefits through Social Security, you won’t lose those benefits if your former spouse remarries. However, you will lose them if you remarry. This is something to carefully consider, on multiple levels, before remarrying.

You can receive spousal benefits if your former spouse dies. Their death won’t affect your eligibility, as long as you are otherwise eligible.

Your spousal benefit amount is based upon your former spouse’s earning record. Social Security calculates everyone’s benefits according to their 35 highest-earning years of work. As a spouse or former spouse, your spousal benefits check will amount to half of that benefit. If your former spouse retires early, becomes disabled, takes a big pay cut, otherwise makes less money than you would have anticipated, this could negatively impact your future spousal benefits amount. Obviously, you can’t really control those factors whatsoever.

You can still claim benefits on your own earnings record. Of course, your own benefit will be based upon your earnings history.

As you can see, Social Security spousal benefits can be a tricky issue. If you’re the lower-earning spouse of a married couple, a spousal IRA might be a useful tool for you. This retirement fund allows you to save for your own retirement, and provides somewhat of a safety net in the event of a divorce.

Give us a call to discuss these issues in further detail. We can help you learn how to plan for retirement, whether you’re married, divorced, or unsure where you will end up in the future.

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7 Signs of a Smart Saver

Posted by Gary Raetz 7 Signs of a Smart Saver

When is your expected retirement date? Whether you’ll be retiring in just a few years, or you still have a decade or more to go, one thing is certain: Retirement is one life situation for which we all need to plan.

So how do you know whether your plans are on the right track? That’s a complicated question, and professional guidance is necessary to help you sort through the details. But these seven signs should give you a few clues on where your retirement savings plan stands.

You’re living within your means. Experts often say that you should be living on 85 percent of your income, and saving the other 15 percent for retirement. Of course, that’s just a ballpark figure, and you might need to save a bit more depending on your needs and lifestyle goals.

You have set a retirement savings goal. You wouldn’t go on a long road trip without first choosing a destination, so why would you save for retirement without setting a savings goal? Everyone needs to estimate their future living expenses and set a target for their savings.

You know how much you’re saving each pay period. You should be able to state a number, right off the top of your head.

You avoid credit card debt. You’re smart about credit. You use a credit card occasionally, but you aren’t wasting piles of money on interest by carrying large balances.

You don’t borrow from yourself. You know that borrowing money from your retirement account will not just cost you money; it will cost you time that you can’t get back. You have a savings account, line of credit, or some other means of covering emergency expenses so that you never have to dip into your 401(k).

You understand the purpose of Social Security. You know that Social Security was designed as supplemental retirement income, and will not cover all of your living expenses in retirement. This knowledge has led you to make plans for a stream of income that will sustain you.

You take advantage of savings perks. You contribute enough to your retirement account, to take advantage of matching funds from your employer each year. You also know that contributions to a qualified retirement account help you earn a major tax deduction, and you utilize that deduction to its full potential each year.

Do all of these signs apply to you, or do you need help on a few points? Saying “yes” to each item on this list is no guarantee that you’ll retire comfortably, but they are definitely signs of a smart saver. Contact us to learn more about retirement savings, especially if a few of these items are tripping you up.

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Are You Making This Mistake With Your TSP?

Posted by Gary Raetz Are You Making This Mistake With Your TSP?

Does your agency offer any form of matching funds for the contributions you make to your Thrift Savings Plan? If so, you know that you could be (and hopefully are) taking advantage of what is essentially free money for retirement.
You would be in good company, as 77.6 percent of FERS employees contributed at least 5 percent of their income to their TSPs during the first three quarters of the year, and 77.4 percent did the same during the final quarter.

Wait…. Did you notice something in those statistics? A small number of people appeared to have stopped contributing to their TSPs, or lowered their contributions, in the final quarter of the year. Why would they do this? More importantly, why would they turn down free money for retirement, during the last few months of the year?

For most, the answer is relatively simple: They already met their contribution limits for 2017, and so had to stop making contributions or lower contributions for the rest of the year.

Yes, maxing out your contributions each year is a good idea. But because agencies only match a certain percentage of those contributions each pay period, you want to spread out those contributions evenly throughout the year. If you’re already maxed out by September, for example, then you’re missing out on matching funds for the last three months of the year.

The solution to this problem is fairly simple: We can help you calculate the exact contribution that you need to make each pay period, in order to reach your maximum contribution by the end of December. At the same time, we can help you reap more of those matching funds each period, by helping to ensure that your contributions are made evenly throughout the year. In most cases, only a small adjustment to your contributions schedule will be necessary…. But you’ll be gaining a bit more of that “free money” for retirement!

Just give us a call if you think you might be making this small (but potentially costly) mistake. We’ll help you analyze and adjust your TSP contributions to take full advantage of matching funds.

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Should You Sign Up for the Surviving Spouse Benefit?

Posted by Gary Raetz Should You Sign Up for the Surviving Spouse Benefit?

Most of us worry about our children when they’re young; specifically, what would happen to them, if you pass away prematurely? However, as the kids grow older, most of us worry about them less and less. Your spouse might be another story. The two of you are a team, both financially and in other ways, and without you they might struggle to cover the household bills or live comfortably in retirement.

The Surviving Spouse Benefit is aimed at this concern. As the two of you move into retirement together, it makes sense to analyze your pension as compared with your overall cost of living. If something happens to you, can your spouse survive without the income from your pension? The Surviving Spouse Benefit would replace a portion of your income, in the event that you pass away and your pension payments end.

Similar to life insurance, you will pay a premium if you elect the Surviving Spouse Benefit. Unlike many types of life insurance, however, you are not subject to medical qualifications. Therefore, the Surviving Spouse Benefit might be a good option for those in poor health, who otherwise have trouble obtaining a life insurance policy.

If you’re in good health, though, you might get a better “deal” through life insurance. We can’t guarantee that, of course, because so many factors are calculated before arriving at life insurance premiums.

How much is the Surviving Spouse Benefit? CSRS employees could provide surviving spouses with any amount of income, ranging from one dollar per month up to 55 percent of their original pensions. Premiums for the maximum benefit fall just under 10 percent of your annuity payments each month, and are adjusted each year along with COLA.

For FERS employees, options for Surviving Spouse Benefits are more limited. You can provide your spouse with either 25 percent of your pension (for a premium of 5 percent), or 50 percent (for a premium of 10 percent).
Along with the monthly income, your spouse could also continue to participate in the Federal Employee Health Benefits program.

There are distinct advantages and disadvantages to the Surviving Spouse Benefit, and you should call us to analyze your situation in further detail before making a decision. We can help you compare the benefit to other comparable forms of protection for your spouse, and decide how to proceed.

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What Will You Do With Your Pay Raise?

Posted by Gary Raetz What Will You Do With Your Pay Raise?

The new year has arrived, and with it comes a raise in pay for many federal employees. The calculation of these pay increases is a complicated subject, far beyond the scope of this blog, but you will be notified of any raise by your employer anyway. Beyond that, you might be wondering when your pay raise will take effect, and what you should do with the increased cash flow.

When will you receive your raise? If you are subject to an increase in compensation, the exact arrival of a higher paycheck will depend upon your employee classification. For GS employees, the time table is simple; your raise will take effect during the first pay period after the new year.

For FWS employees, raises will not take effect until after the FY 2018 pay limitation is released. When you do receive your raise, paychecks will be adjusted to retroactively reflect your new pay grade. If you’re an FWS employee, you will receive more information from your employer.

What should you do with that extra money? And now we arrive at the main topic of this blog. While it can be tempting to utilize a pay increase to cover a new purchase, consider your retirement savings. If you aren’t maxing out contributions to your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP), diverting the extra cash to that retirement fund will benefit you more in the long run. You’ll not only be stashing extra money for the future; that money can also earn interest over time.

Paying down debts is another excellent idea. Work with a debt counselor to make a plan to get out of debt, stick to a regular payment schedule, and avoid taking on any new debts if possible. Entering retirement free of high credit card and other payments is one of the better ways to establish a stable lifestyle on a fixed income.

Of course, you can always give us a call if you’re trying to decide what to do with extra money in your budget. We can review your financial plans with you, and help you identify ways to put that money to its most beneficial use.


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How the New Tax Plan Might Affect You

Posted by Gary Raetz How the New Tax Plan Might Affect You

As you have probably heard by now, Congress finally agreed upon a new tax plan. While your own individual circumstances might vary from the norm, the following breakdown of the most major changes can help you see how the new tax laws might affect you. More importantly, this might help you begin to think about your budget for 2018 and following years.

Standard Deductions versus Itemized Deductions. This is the major change that will most affect taxpayers. The new tax code will include drastically different standard deductions, in the following amounts…

  • For single taxpayers, the standard deduction increased from $6,350 to $12,000
  • For married (filing jointly) taxpayers, the standard deduction increased from $12,700 to $24,000
  • For heads of household, the standard deduction increased from $9,350 to $18,000

Currently, about 70 percent of taxpayers elect the standard deduction, versus itemizing their returns. It remains to be seen whether these new higher standard deductions will encourage more people to forego itemization. At the very least, those who do take standard deductions will be paying income taxes on less of their income.

As for common deductions utilized on itemized returns, many of those have now changed.

Medical expenses. Previously, taxpayers could only deduct medical expenses in excess of 10 percent of gross income. That threshold will revert back to 7.5 percent for the next two years, allowing those who have suffered under high healthcare expenses to potentially recoup a bit more of their losses.

State and local taxes. Previously, taxpayers could deduct state and local taxes such as property taxes and sales taxes. Now, under the new law, that deduction is limited to $10,000 (or $5,000 if you’re married filing separate returns). The major reason this might matter to you: No matter where you currently live, you might be considering a move in retirement. Keep in mind that if you decide upon a state with unusually high property taxes, income taxes, or even sale taxes, your income tax deduction (if you itemize) will now be limited.

Miscellaneous deductions. Many deductions are lost completely, such as those related to tax preparation, investment fees, moving expenses, some transportation expenses, and unreimbursed job expenses. These are things to keep in mind as you create your budget for 2018. Remember that what was once tax deductible, might not be any longer.

Of course, you should always work closely with a tax professional before making any decisions regarding tax planning.

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What is the Advantage of a Fed-Focused Advisor?

Posted by Gary Raetz What is the Advantage of a Fed-Focused Advisor?

There are plenty of financial advisors in the world; it seems there is at least one in every town! For most people, the decision to choose an advisor might come down to who is close to home, who has more experience, and who their friends or co-workers recommend. But when you’re a federal employee, you must confront an additional criteria for choosing a financial professional: Does this person understand your unique retirement system?

Some general retirement planning advice applies to everyone, or at least most people. But your retirement plan is structured very differently from most plans in the private sector. You need to carefully choose a financial advisor who can help you identify unique opportunities and benefits available to you.

A Fed-focused Advisor focuses on the federal employee retirement system to become a specialist in this area. This person can help you fine-tune your plans to include issues that affect you specifically, such as:

  • choosing the investment allocations that fit your specific needs
  • diversifying your portfolio, based on your risk tolerance, desire for growth, and retirement income requirements
  • help you avoid short-term mistakes and focus on long-term goals
  • design a distribution plan and efficient income strategy once you reach retirement
  • preparing for tax liability issues

It is preferable to conduct these activities with a Fed-focused advisor who understands the complexities of the federal retirement system. However, you might not find this type of advisor practicing in your hometown, so what do you do?

With today’s technology, we can conduct appointments via phone or even live video stream, so there is no need to settle for an advisor who lacks expertise in your situation. Licensing from oversight organizations such as FINRA and SIPC applies on a national level, meaning you’re free to choose a Fed-focused advisor in any state.

We are Fed-focused Advisors, and we work with clients around the country. To learn more about your federal retirement benefits, and devise a strategy for a satisfactory retirement, give us a call. We will be happy to help you.


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Should You Choose a Roth TSP?

Posted by Gary Raetz Should You Choose a Roth TSP?

As a federal employee, you have the option to set aside money for retirement via your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP). That’s on top of your annuity plus Social Security benefits, meaning you have quite a bit of power to establish a healthy retirement income for yourself! So, deciding to utilize your TSP is probably not a difficult decision… But deciding which type of TSP could present a dilemma.

With a traditional retirement account, including the TSP, taxes are deferred until distributions begin in retirement. All money that you set aside now is free of taxes – essentially reducing your taxable income for each year that you contribute to the fund – but will be taxed as regular income when you begin taking distributions someday.

With a Roth account, you make after-tax contributions. It doesn’t help you with your income taxes at all right now, but all distributions from the account will be free of taxation once you retire. For some people, the allure of tax-free income in the future can be a major selling point for the Roth option.

At this point, you might realize the main deciding factor for most people: If they believe they will fall into a higher tax bracket in retirement, they often choose to fund a Roth account now. On the other hand, if they believe they will drop down by one tax bracket (or more), they often stick with a traditional TSP.

That’s an important consideration, but here is another piece of the puzzle. How much do you need to lower your income tax burden now? What if, by saving money on federal income taxes each year, you would actually be able to save more for retirement? That’s a difficult opportunity to pass up, too!

As you can see, choosing between a traditional or Roth TSP can be a difficult decision for many people. There are several factors to weigh carefully, along with attempting to predict the future.

Since this is an important decision that could make a significant different to both your current and future tax status, give us a call to discuss the issue further. We can help you calculate your approximate retirement income, compare the two tax scenarios, and come to a decision that works for your unique situation.

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Could Working During Retirement Actually Cost You Part of Your Social Security Benefits?

Posted by Gary Raetz Could Working During Retirement Actually Cost You Part of Your Social Security Benefits?

Once you retire, you will rely upon your Social Security benefits, your annuity from years of service as a federal employee, and any money saved in your Thrift Savings Plan. That all sounds pretty straightforward, right? But what if you decide to take on a part-time job, start a home-based business, or even begin a new career after you retire?

In some cases, your Social Security benefits could be reduced, so take note of the rules regarding post-retirement earnings.

The first thing you need to know: If you wait to reach your full retirement age (currently somewhere between 65 and 67, defined by Social Security, and based upon your birth year), then you won’t have to worry about the Administration withholding any of your Social Security benefits.

The potential problem happens when you retire before your full retirement age. In that case, part of your Social Security benefits might be withheld, depending upon your income.

The earnings threshold is currently set at $16,920 per year. If your earnings from work fall below this limit, you don’t have to worry about anything. However, if you earn more than $16,920 per year, one dollar of your Social Security benefits will be withheld for every two dollars that you earn above the limit.

Remember, once you reach your full retirement age, this rule won’t affect you anymore. So, it’s not a situation that will last throughout retirement, but one that specifically affects those who take an early retirement.

Keep this rule mind if you decide to retire before your full retirement age. If an unexpected expense comes up, if you decide to earn extra money, or if you simply get bored and want to go back to work, your Social Security benefits could be affected. Give us a call and we can answer your questions or help you decide how this rule might affect your situation.

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How to Make Sure Your Charitable Contributions Count

Posted by Gary Raetz How to Make Sure Your Charitable Contributions Count

It feels good to give to the less fortunate, especially at this time of year. But, it also feels good to earn a valuable deduction on your income taxes. You can accomplish both of these goals at the same time, by claiming your charitable contributions as a deduction on your federal income tax return in the spring. But, as with any other deduction provision, you must carefully follow guidelines set by the IRS. So, if you consider gifting a charity, make sure to follow these rules.

Research your chosen charity. In order for your deduction to count, the charity of your choice must be qualified by the IRS. Fake charities do exist, and are especially prevalent during the holiday season. They might even appear quite official. So, use this search tool, provided by the IRS, to ensure that you are gifting to a qualified charity and you will be able to use the gift as a tax deduction.

Keep appropriate proof. Without proof of your charitable donations, you can’t claim the deduction. And, if you try to claim it anyway, you will lose the deduction (and probably owe the IRS money) in the event your return is ever audited. Credit card or bank statements will suffice, or ask for a written receipt for gifts of cash and household goods.

Value household goods correctly. It’s a common misconception that you can claim the original purchase price of household goods when donating them to charity. Actually, you can only claim their fair market value (for example, the amount for which you or the charity could sell the item). Of course, in some cases people do donate antiques or other items that have appreciated in value. In this case it would be wise to keep a copy of an appraisal, or some other proof of the item’s worth. Remember, too, to keep your documentation secure. Aside from paper copies, it might help to snap pictures of receipts and upload them into your cloud system.

Make donations by December 31. This is the deadline for counting them toward your 2017 tax deductions.

Work with a skilled tax professional. As with any tax matter, experienced advice can spare you headaches in the future. Work with a tax pro to claim deductions correctly, and help prevent problems with your return.

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Open Enrollment Season Presents a Possible Dilemma for Federal Retirees

Posted by Gary Raetz Open Enrollment Season Presents a Possible Dilemma for Federal Retirees

Fall brings pumpkin spice lattes, cool nights, the promise of holidays around the corner… and decisions about healthcare. Okay, so that last item doesn’t exactly sound like a fun time, but healthcare is definitely an issue that we all face.

Medicare is currently operating their Annual Election Period, from October 15 to December 7. Enrollment for Federal Employee Health Benefit plans, called Open Season, began on November 13 and will last until December 11. According to the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), Open Season “gives Federal employees and retirees the opportunity to evaluate their benefits, provider networks, and the 2018 rates for Federal benefits, which include FEHB, Federal dental and vision (FEDVIP), as well as elections for Flexible Spending Account (FSAFEDS) for health care and/or dependent care. Individuals have the chance to make changes to their coverage within the Open Season dates”.

If you’re a retired federal employee, it is possible that both of these enrollment periods are important to you. If you’re a current federal employee, you might want to pay attention to this issue as you plan for retirement.

You enjoy Federal Employee Health Benefits even after you retire. However, you have the opportunity to also enroll in Medicare Part B, the part of Medicare that covers treatment and services related to your health care (such as preventive care, outpatient care, and more).

There are two primary issues to consider here:

  1. Can you afford the Medicare Part B premiums? Currently, rates per person are $134 per month, or $1,608 per year. Rates can sometimes increase from one year to the next.
  2. Is Medicare Part B compatible with your FEHB plan, and to what degree?

That second issue, in particular, is a tricky one to decipher. If you’re a federal retiree and need help analyzing your budget, give us a call. Or, if you’re still planning for your retirement, we can help you consider your future healthcare needs and decide how to accommodate them in your overall retirement income plan.

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Determining Your Income Needs in Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz Determining Your Income Needs in Retirement

As a federal employee, you enjoy one of the best retirement systems in the nation. However, don’t let that fact mislead you into thinking that you don’t need to plan for retirement! Some people have made the mistake of simply assuming that they will have “enough” income, without defining what “enough” actually means.

So, how much income do you need in retirement?

This can be a difficult question to answer in a single blog. Obviously, we don’t know your individual circumstances, but you definitely need to consider three primary factors:

  • Needs – how much money do you need to live? Consider your rent or mortgage, food, bills, and so on
  • Wants – what do you want to do throughout your retirement years? ‘Do you hope to travel, pursue a particular hobby, or purchase a beachfront home?
  • Unexpected expenses – at some point, many retirees experience an increase in out-of-pocket medical expenses, or the need for long-term nursing care, or some other emergency. Can you access an insurance plan to meet those needs, or will you have money set aside in an easily accessible account? Can your budget adjust to accommodate new circumstance?

Once you can establish monthly and annual budgets, you can work backward from there, to see how your retirement benefits will stack up. Will you be able to generate enough income to meet your budget, when you account for your pension annuity payments, Social Security benefits, and withdrawals from your Thrift Savings Plan?

If it doesn’t look like you can meet your expected budget, you have several choices:

  • Bump up your TSP contribution rate
  • Cut expenses from your budget, if you’re willing or able to make sacrifices
  • Work longer, so you can potentially save more money and increase certain retirement benefits such as Social Security
  • Find a way to generate additional income in retirement

Yes, it’s a complicated web of decisions and adjustments, but we can help make the process easier for you. Give us a call, and we will help you sort through your options and decide which path is best for your situation.

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Your Thrift Savings Plan Gets a Boost in 2018

Posted by Gary Raetz Your Thrift Savings Plan Gets a Boost in 2018

Throughout this fall, we’ve watched as President Trump and Congress have debated various adjustments to our tax code and the federal budget overall. While many propositions currently remain undecided, one change will definitely take place beginning in January. Contribution limits for certain tax-advantaged retirement plans have been raised.

The change affects 401(k), 403b, and yes, Thrift Savings Plans! Now you can stash an additional 500 dollars per year in your TSP, for a total contribution of $18,500 in 2018 (and every year beyond that, unless future changes take place).

If you’re age 50 or over, the catch-up contribution rule still applies. You can save another $6,000 in your TSP next year, for a total contribution of $24,500.

This is good news, for more than one reason. Saving more for your retirement is always a good idea. The increase of 500 dollars might not sound like a lot to you, but multiply that number by the number of years you will continue to work… and then consider the power of compounding interest. As you can see, that 500 dollars makes a major difference!

Also, your TSP is more than just a retirement vehicle. Since you fund the account with pre-tax dollars, you lower your overall taxable income for the year. That means you can save just a bit more on your income taxes next year.

Hopefully you’re feeling optimistic about the future of your Thrift Savings Plan, and you’re planning to increase your contributions next year. If you need help with that, or any other retirement planning issue, feel free to give us a call. We keep ourselves informed on issues related to federal employee retirement, and pass along that information to benefit you.


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2018 Cost of Living Adjustment Has Been Announced by Social Security

Posted by Gary Raetz 2018 Cost of Living Adjustment Has Been Announced by Social Security

Like most federal retirees, you will enjoy the potential of three forms of income in retirement: Your annuity payments, income from money you set aside in your Thrift Savings Plan, and your Social Security benefit. Since your Social Security payments are subject to periodic adjustments (indexed to the inflation rate), you might be interested to know that beneficiaries will receive a cost of living adjustment (COLA) in 2018.

Each fall, the Social Security Administration analyzes inflation, and decides whether to issue a COLA beginning the following January. The amount of this adjustment is also tied to inflation, and can vary from one year to the next, with no COLA ever guaranteed. In fact, sometimes a COLA is not issued for the year.

In 2018, beneficiaries will receive the largest COLA in five years.

How much is this COLA? It has been set at 2 percent, which doesn’t sound like a lot. For the average beneficiary, the adjustment equals an extra 27 dollars per month, with the average benefit rising to $1,404 per month. Of course, that is only an average figure; your benefit amount is calculated based upon your earning history, and can vary significantly from the average.

Any upward adjustment in benefits is helpful. Also, keep in mind that Medicare might also raise their rates. It is possible that the Social Security COLA will serve more to compensate for a Medicare rate hike, for many retirees.

Recent years have taught us that COLAs are certainly not guaranteed to occur each year, and can sometimes be disappointingly small. Since your own cost of living can change throughout retirement, regardless of what the inflation rate reports, it is important to take saving for retirement into your own hands. Bolster your Thrift Savings Plan, taking advantage of maximum contribution limits, and work closely with a financial advisor to plan for your retirement.

Call us any time. We can help you understand your retirement benefits as a federal employee, and plan for a stable retirement.


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Is Your FERS Annuity an All-or-Nothing Benefit?

Posted by Gary Raetz Is Your FERS Annuity an All-or-Nothing Benefit?

As a federal employee, you know that your comprehensive retirement package is one of the best benefits packages available. Yet, for one reason or another, you might desire to leave federal employment at some point. Perhaps you become disabled and can’t continue working, or you simply receive a lucrative offer from a private employer. With regard to your FERS annuity, you might be worried that you’ll lose it all if you separate from employment early.

It’s actually a myth that your FERS annuity is an all-or-nothing benefit. You won’t necessarily lose the entire thing just because you leave federal employment before fulfilling retirement requirements.

This myth comes about because of rules regarding “immediate annuities”. It is true that in order to receive an immediate annuity, meaning an annuity that begins in the month following your last day of service, you must fulfill the following requirements:

  • 5 years of service at age 62, or
  • 20 years of service at age 60, or
  • 30 years of service at your Minimum Retirement Age

Because of those rules, many people believe their federal annuity benefit will be lost if they don’t meet requirements. In reality, though, you could possibly receive a deferred annuity. You must work at least five years in order to claim the deferred annuity benefit, and payments will begin on the future date at which you could have received an immediate annuity.

Not everyone is eligible for the deferred annuity option, so investigate this issue carefully before making a decision. If you need help exploring your retirement funding options, give us a call. We can help you decipher complicated regulations, anticipate your benefits, decide upon a target separation date, and more.

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When Can You Access Your Thrift Savings Plan?

Posted by Gary Raetz When Can You Access Your Thrift Savings Plan?

Your Thrift Savings Plan is an important part of your overall retirement strategy. Along with Social Security payments and your annuity payments, withdrawals from your TSP will allow for some additional income in retirement. Plus, while your Social Security and annuity payments will depend upon factors (such as length of employment) that are fairly set in stone, the amount of money in your TSP can vary according to your decisions regarding the fund. This gives you a certain degree of control over your eventual retirement income.

Since your TSP is a form of investment account, it follows many rules that apply to other types of retirement or investment funds. For example, we usually say that it is best to leave your money in a retirement account as long as possible, to allow it to grow. Compounding interest makes a big difference over time, and withdrawing your money early can cost you in the long run.

But in some cases, you need or want to retire early and avoid the usual penalties that come with early withdrawal from your retirement account.

One way to do this is by implementing IRS code 72-T, which allows you to retire with no minimum age restriction and access the money in your TSP. Obviously, there are some rules that apply and it is best for you to discuss them with an experienced financial professional who is familiar with this process. (We do this quite often with clients.)

The other way you can actually access your TSP funds without triggering any sort of penalty is at age 55. What’s the catch? You have to retire from federal service before taking that penalty-free withdrawal.

For Public Safety employees, the rules can be even more loose: You just have to be retired from federal service, period. There is no minimum age requirement to access your TSP funds.

Still, it might make sense to leave your money in the fund as long as you can wait. That’s because with many people living well into their 80s or longer, retirement can last a long time. Allowing that money to grow is almost always a good plan. Call us to schedule an appointment, and we can help you decide upon a withdrawal schedule.


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Annual Leave and Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz Annual Leave and Retirement

Last week, we discussed how to time your retirement in the most beneficial way, with regard to beginning your annuity payments. Since your annuity payments will comprise an important part of your income in retirement, it certainly makes sense to give extra weight to that factor in your overall retirement planning equation.

But, as we mentioned, there are other factors that should help you determine your separation date. One of those is the issue of annual leave – or, more to the point, the lump sum payment that will be due for unused annual leave. Obviously, you want to receive the largest lump sum possible for your use-or-lose annual leave.

When you leave federal employment, you will receive a payment for unused annual leave, so long as you separate before the “end of leave year”. Perhaps counter-intuitively, the end of the leave year does not necessarily fall on December 31, nor does it fall on the same day each year! Check out this breakdown of upcoming end of leave year dates to see what we mean:

  • For the leave year of 2017, the last day falls on January 6, 2018
  • For the leave year of 2018, the last day falls on January 5, 2019
  • For the leave year of 2019, the last day falls on January 4, 2020
  • For the leave year of 2020, the last day falls on January 3, 2021

Okay, so that’s a bit confusing, but all you really need to do is:

  • Remember that payment of unused annual leave is a factor in timing your retirement, and
  • Check the calendar, or keep in touch with us (preferably both) when deciding upon your separation date

Of course, if you always use every bit of your annual leave each year, this factor probably won’t matter to you. But for everyone else, keeping these dates in mind can help you maximize that payout.

As always, schedule regular appointments with us, and we’ll help you stay on top of all issues that might impact your final retirement date.

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When Should Federal Employees Schedule Their Retirements?

Posted by Gary Raetz When Should Federal Employees Schedule Their Retirements?

Planning your retirement will involve multiple variables, far beyond simply being financially ready. Aside from accumulating enough years of service, and stashing enough money in your Thrift Savings Plan, you also want to schedule your retirement at the right time.

Of course, since retirement planning tends to focus on finances, most of you don’t want to go very long between your last paycheck and your first annuity payment. That’s understandable. So for federal employees who are trying to decide upon their eventual retirement dates, it can help to understand how and when annuity payments begin under the FERS system.

Your annuity begins on the first day of the month after the month in which you retire. Then, your first actual annuity payment begins on the month after that. So, for example, if your last day of service is scheduled for March 5, your annuity begins on April 1 and you will receive your first annuity payment on May 1.

For some of you, that might equal too much of a gap between your last paycheck and your first annuity payment. That’s why many FERS employees schedule their last day of work toward the end of the month, when possible. That way, you will have one more paycheck on the way, and your annuity payments will begin shortly after that.

Of course, there is more than just annuity payments to consider when timing your last day of work. As you continue to plan for retirement, stay in touch with us. We can help you juggle all of the different issues you might face, so that you can make a retirement plan that best suits your individual situation.


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Is a Phased Retirement Right for You?

Posted by Gary Raetz Is a Phased Retirement Right for You?

Many of us can’t wait to retire, and have planned vacations, hobbies, or even a move to a sunnier location. Others want to retire soon, but know that they need to continue working a bit longer in order to save enough money for the future. Then there are those people who love their jobs, and perhaps need to reduce their hours or commuting time at some point, but want to keep working at least part-time.

Some federal employees have the option of a Phased Retirement. It began as an option back in November of 2014 so many employees don’t know about it. Your agency has to approve of it and therefore it isn’t always available to everyone, but here’s how it works…

Under Phased Retirement, you can begin drawing your retirement benefits at a certain date, but continue part-time employment with your agency.

Some of the benefits include:

  • Retaining more experienced workers, even on a part-time basis, is good for the agency
  • Mentoring opportunities for younger employees
  • A more efficient and effective government
  • Would-be retirees can continue an active lifestyle
  • Financial flexibility for those who might otherwise retire completely

It’s always exciting to see federal employees happily take the leap into retirement. But before you do, it’s a good idea to consider whether you’re completely ready to live on a fixed income for the rest of your life. Yes, the federal retirement system is a fantastic one, but it’s still a fixed income when all is said and done. With inflation and rising healthcare costs impacting the budgets of all retirees, not to mention a longer lifespan in general, we should all be careful to ensure that our retirement incomes are really where they need to be.

And of course, many people honestly do find retirement to be boring! Staying engaged and social through part-time employment is often the key for many retirees, and as a federal employee you have the added advantage of sticking with your current (or a very similar) position at an acceptable pay rate.

If a Phased Retirement sounds interesting, check with your agency to see if it is an option for you. If it is, we can help you to evaluate your retirement plan and decide if continuing your position on a part-time basis might be a good option for you.

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Federal Employees Have Many Retirement Options

Posted by Gary Raetz Federal Employees Have Many Retirement Options

As a federal employee, you already know that your retirement system is one of the best in the nation. You can potentially enjoy three forms of income in retirement, which is relatively rare in the private sector. But in addition to your income options, federal employees can also access four different types of retirement, with regard to timing.

Immediate retirement. This option falls in line with how most people view retirement. You set a date, and begin drawing retirement benefits after you stop working. Those benefits are calculated based upon the number of years you worked, and your Minimum Retirement Age (based on your year of birth).

Early retirement. At times, the federal government offers the early retirement option, because they need to reorganize or reduce the size of certain departments. Employees in those departments might be offered the option of transferring to another federal employment position, or the option of early retirement. Occasionally this option is available for involuntary separation cases as well.

Deferred retirement. Some workers might be able to leave their jobs before meeting the requirements for immediate retirement benefits. If you’re age 62 and have accumulated at least five years of service, you could opt for a deferred retirement. Or, if you reach your Minimum Retirement Age with between 10 and 30 years of service under your belt, you could receive your benefits (with some reductions).

Disability. Occasionally, disability strikes at a younger age. If this happens to you, and you become unable to continue in your current position, your agency should investigate whether they can accommodate you in another position at the same pay and grade level. If they can’t, you might be eligible to retire on a disability option and claim your FERS benefits.

The rules regarding these retirement options can be complicated, and you shouldn’t assume that a particular program will be available to you at any given time. Planning with the guidance of a professional is still essential. If you have any questions about federal employee retirement options, give us a call and we’ll be happy to help.


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Basic Information on the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program

Posted by Gary Raetz Basic Information on the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program

Last week, we shared some statistics regarding the cost of long-term nursing care. While it’s not something anyone loves to think about, part of retirement planning involves preparing for a variety of outcomes. Since health problems do become more common as we age, everyone should consider how they will pay for long-term care in the event that it is needed.

As a federal employee, you have the option of enrolling in the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP). This is a convenient option, since you can have premium payments directly debited from your paycheck (or pension, if you’re already retired). Aside from convenience, the program is a quality one, offering the following features.

Choice in care. Under FLTCIP, you are able to select from several options which include a traditional nursing home, assisted living facilities, or in-home care. If you prefer to receive your care from family members or someone else whom you choose, the program even pays for that choice. Again, these options are included in your plan, you just need to pick one. We can help you to understand the different options.

In-home care is streamlined and efficient. Many people prefer to receive care in their own homes when possible, but some long-term care insurance programs do not accommodate this choice very well. The FLTCIP provides various tools to help you coordinate your care. It might pay for modifications to your home, equipment, an emergency response service, caregiver training, and more.

Keep your coverage even when you change jobs. Once you enroll in the program, you can keep your benefits as long as you pay your premiums. You can even leave government employment and go to work in the private sector, and retain your FLTCIP policy. This is a tremendous advantage.

Guaranteed renewal. As you age or your health status changes, you cannot be denied coverage so long as you continue to pay your premiums.

No premiums required when you claim benefits. Once you need to utilize your long-term care benefits, you won’t have to pay premiums anymore (after passing an initial waiting period).

These are just a few of the features of the Federal Long Term Care benefits. We understand that it can be difficult to fully grasp all of the details and we’re here to guide you along the process. If you need assistance, feel free to contact us.


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Long Term Care for Federal Employees

Posted by Gary Raetz Long Term Care for Federal Employees

As you plan for retirement, you will probably focus quite a bit on the financial side of things. You picture your life looking pretty much the same as it does now, except without your job and with a lot more free time.

Hopefully, everything will go according to your plans. But because health problems become increasingly more common as we age, we should all consider things like the cost of healthcare and potential changes to our lifestyles (due to illness or injury).

In particular, what would you do about long term nursing care if you need it? Most people assume that Medicare will pick up the bill, but this is a common misconception. In most cases, Medicare covers very little or none of the bill, leaving retirees to figure out how to to pay for these services themselves.

Here’s some good news…

The Federal Employee benefits package offers you long term care coverage with unlimited lifetime coverage. This means you would never outlive your benefit.

It might surprise you to know that this coverage is only available to Federal Employees and their immediate families. The general public is not eligible.

But be aware of this…

There is no guarantee that the coverage will be an option forever, as plans and packages can and do change. In addition, the older you are when you buy the coverage, the more expensive it gets.

Therefore, it makes a great deal of sense to consider Long Term Care (LTC) benefits as soon as you begin the retirement planning process – even if you are still working.

Here’s just an example of what LTC can cost. It illustrates how valuable your benefits have become:

  • Home nursing care can cost between 15 dollars per hour to 24 dollars per hour depending on where you live. Keep in mind that you might need care 24 hours per day.
  • A home health aide, who visits you six hours per day, costs an average of $29,640 annually. Again, this figure can vary depending upon location, and depending upon how many hours of help you need daily.
  • A semi-private room in a nursing home can cost between $148 per day and $462 per day.
  • While some people do rely upon family in times of need, the cost of in-home care by a family member can be difficult to calculate. Consider the financial impact upon a person who must quit their job or change jobs to accommodate a caregiving schedule.

As you can see, long-term nursing care isn’t cheap! It’s also impossible to predict how long you might need care; for some, only a few months is needed, while others require personal assistance for a period of years.

As you approach retirement, this is a factor to consider. We can help you to understand your options. Give us a call if you have questions or would like more information.


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Are You Taking Advantage of Market Expansion?

Posted by Gary Raetz Are You Taking Advantage of Market Expansion?

Maybe you haven’t heard the good news, but our economy is doing pretty well. In fact, we’re currently enjoying the third-longest stretch of market expansion in our history, and we’re only two years away from it becoming the longest stretch ever! On top of that, the unemployment rate is back down to what it was in 2007, before the Great Recession hit.

The stock market is performing well, too. The ratio of the S&P 500 is the second-highest it has been since World War 2.

Since we’re well into a long period of economic security, it would make sense to pause and evaluate your decisions regarding your Thrift Savings Plan. Are you taking advantage of market conditions to your best benefit? On the other hand, are you taking too much risk, because you’ve become perhaps a bit too confident?

Diversify. No matter how cautious or optimistic you’re feeling, your long-term investment goals should come first. Now is the time to reflect on your retirement goals, and make sure that your portfolio is diversified appropriately. Avoid aggressively chasing stocks that you’re only going to sell during a downturn. As Warren Buffett said, “Be fearful when others are greedy. Be greedy when others are fearful”.

How is your debt load?  During times of relative prosperity, it can be easy to become over confident and take on too much debt. Remember that you probably want to retire without much debt, if any. Also remember that the situation can change at some point, and you don’t want to enter a less prosperous period saddled by debt you confidently took on during an upswing. Right now, while things are going well for most of us, is a good time to address debt and pay it down.

Establish an emergency fund. The federal government is set to hit its debt ceiling in October. We’re not too worried, but furloughs are always possible, and there have been some predictions that pay raises won’t be impressive in 2018. Who knows for sure what will happen, but setting aside a little emergency cash is always a good idea.

Even during relatively “good” times, we should always actively manage our financial lives. Schedule an appointment with us to check in on your TSP’s performance, and we’ll help you decide whether your decisions are currently in line with your long-term goals.


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What’s Different About a Fed-Focused Financial Advisor?

Posted by Gary Raetz What’s Different About a Fed-Focused Financial Advisor?

No matter where you live, it is likely that several financial advisors work in your area. They might even boast a long list of impressive credentials. However, for a federal employee, choosing a financial advisor can be a bit complicated. Your retirement benefits system works differently from any other retirement plan in the country. And because the rules of the Federal Employees Retirement System are so complex, only a few advisors specialize in federal retirement.

There is actually a class of advisors, called Fed-Focused Advisors, who specialize in helping federal employees understand their retirement benefits. When you work with a Fed-Focused Advisor, he or she can:

  • Help you understand your needs, and make the appropriate investment allocations
  • Diversify your investments according to your risk tolerance and need for growth
  • Help you develop a long-term plan
  • Anticipate and avoid short-term mistakes
  • Analyze your plan for tax liability issues, and work with you to mitigate them
  • Design an income distribution plan that provides the most beneficial retirement income strategy for you

Since FERS works so differently from other retirement systems, a Fed-Focused Advisor can help you identify unique retirement planning opportunities.

But what if you can’t find a Fed-Focused Advisor near you? Remember that licensing (from organizations like FINRA and SIPC) is applied on a nationwide basis. There is no particular advantage to working with an advisor in your own town, since the benefit of specialized knowledge of your retirement system should far outweigh the benefit of in-person meetings. A Fed-Focused Advisor in another town or even another state is still bound by the same standards of conduct.

Therefore, even if you need to conduct meetings via Skype or phone calls, it is still beneficial to seek specialized advice on your specific retirement system. If you’re a FERS employee and need to consult with a Fed-Focused Advisor, give us a call. We work with federal employees located anywhere in the country.

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How One Federal Employee Accumulated $22 Million

Posted by Gary Raetz How One Federal Employee Accumulated $22 Million

As a federal employee, how much money do you expect to stash in your Thrift Savings Plan? You will enjoy two other sources of retirement income, of course (Social Security benefits and your annuity), but you also have the power to create additional savings for yourself. Perhaps more importantly, you also have the opportunity to invest that money via a variety of different options.

Despite that terrific opportunity, you might not believe you could accumulate millions of dollars. And yet, many federal employees do exactly that! One in particular, a woman named Anne Scheiber, managed to accumulate a fortune worth 22 million dollars!

Scheiber didn’t save 22 million during her career, of course. After graduating law school, she took a job as an auditor with the IRS, where she worked until retirement at age 51. At that point, she had managed to save 5,000 dollars on her own. Scheiber never took another job, and lived off of her pension until the ripe old age of 101. She was known for being frugal, and apparently never touched her life savings. Instead, she invested in the stock market, and managed to grow her fortune to an impressive 22 million dollars. When she died, Scheiber left that fortune to Yeshiva University.

So how did she do it? According to her broker, Scheiber developed a long-term vision and stuck with it. She invested in stocks that she understood, and reinvested her dividends over the decades. She didn’t look for a quick buck, and rarely sold her stocks except during downturns. Toward the end of her life, Scheiber’s portfolio was generating about $750,000 in annual income, but due to her frugal lifestyle, she simply reinvested that money each year.

Most people don’t desire to live such a frugal life, and of course some amount of luck (good or bad) will impact us all. But the takeaway lesson here is that Ms Scheiber charted a long-term course and then stuck to it. While she did periodically rebalance her portfolio a bit, she didn’t let emotions cloud her judgment. Long-term, steady growth was always prized above risky investments and potentially empty promises.

As a federal employee, you enjoy unique opportunities with regard to your retirement planning. Schedule an appointment with us, and we can help you better understand your retirement system, and help you reap the most possible benefit from it.

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A Brief Guide to Early Social Security Benefits

Posted by Gary Raetz A Brief Guide to Early Social Security Benefits

As a federal employee, you will enjoy retirement income from three sources: Your annuity, your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP), and your Social Security benefits. While benefits from your annuity and your TSP withdrawals won’t begin until after you retire, some people do choose to claim their Social Security checks early. But there are various benefits and drawbacks to doing so.

Your benefits will be lowered. You can claim Social Security as early as age 62, but your checks will be permanently lower than if you wait until full retirement age. For some people, it’s a worthwhile trade-off.

Part of your checks might be withheld. If you’re still working after filing an early Social Security claim, some of your benefits might be withheld if you earn over a certain threshold.

How long do you expect to live? No one knows for sure, of course, but the longevity of your parents and your current state of health can give you some clues. If you expect to live a long time, you’ll need as much income as you can generate. It might be better to wait until full retirement age, or even up to age 70, so that you can claim a larger monthly benefits check.

Perhaps you need the money… It may be better to delay your claim until at least your full retirement age (65 to 67, depending upon your birth date). But some people become partially or fully disabled by age 62 or so. If you had to end your career early, maybe you need your Social Security benefits now.

But do you really need the money? For each year that you delay your claim, Social Security benefits grow by about 7 percent. So it’s usually not a good idea to take benefits early, unless you really need them to cover living expenses.

What about pensions? If you’re due to receive certain types of government pensions, your Social Security benefits could be seriously reduced or even eliminated if you file your claim early.

Social Security is a complicated system, and what works for one person might not work for another. Never make assumptions about your benefits and remember that one size does not fit all. Give us a call, and we can help you decide how to proceed in a way that works for your situation.

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Another Great Way to Prepare for Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz Another Great Way to Prepare for Retirement

It seems that all we hear on the news lately is “healthcare, healthcare, healthcare”. Every few weeks there is a new, alarming report on the rising cost of healthcare nationwide. Then, of course, we have politicians on Capitol Hill debating, deliberating, writing, and rewriting laws pertaining to health insurance. While it seems nearly impossible to get everyone to agree to a course of action, pretty much everyone agrees that healthcare is expensive and ever-increasing in cost.

That cost is likely to hit retirees the hardest, since we tend to develop more health problems as we age. Federal employees who retire before the age of Medicare eligibility enjoy the opportunity to choose from several healthcare plans, but you will still be responsible for medical bills before you reach your deductible. If you choose a low-premium, high-deductible plan, one large bill could put a major dent in your retirement income. Or, you might choose a low-deductible plan, but you’ll still be responsible for paying higher premiums and the cost of prescription medications.

In either scenario, you end up paying a lot for your healthcare expenses. There’s just no way around it.

So, with that in mind, it’s easy to see how planning for retirement involves some major consideration of the cost of healthcare. If you’re eligible to contribute to a Health Savings Account (HSA), it’s worth some serious thought. You can set aside pre-tax money to use for qualified healthcare expenses, and if you don’t use the money if your account each year, it can be rolled over – all the way into retirement!

When viewed that way, an HSA is actually another way to save for retirement. Someday you could use the funds (which won’t be taxed, by the way, so long as you use them for qualified expenses) for health insurance premiums, medications, co-pays, and more.

If you’re interested to learn more about how an HSA can help you save money now, and potentially provide a financial boost in retirement, give us a call. We can help you determine whether you’re eligible for this unique savings opportunity and answer any other questions you might have about retirement.

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Choosing Your Healthcare Options in Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz Choosing Your Healthcare Options in Retirement

As a federal employee, you already enjoy one of the best retirement plans out there. Aside from a three-tiered income program, you also have another enormous advantage in the form of your healthcare plan.

Most American workers face a dilemma when planning their retirements: If they want to stop working before age 65 (the age of Medicare eligibility), they have to identify a way to pay for their own healthcare. This might mean enrolling in a health insurance plan on the open market, or (gulp) saving a chunk of money and attempting to self-pay for medical care.

Luckily, you don’t face such a difficult quandary. Federal employees who retire before age 65 can actually choose their retiree health benefits from a Preferred Provider Organization (PPO), or a Health Maintenance Organization (HMO). Some (those in excellent health, usually) even opt for a high-deductible plan that covers only catastrophic risks, in exchange for a very low premium.

Whichever type of plan you prefer, you will still incur some expenses related to medical care. So as you weigh your options, consider factors such as:

• Premiums
• Co-payments
• Annual deductibles, if any – how much can you realistically afford to pay before your insurance kicks in?
• The cost of prescription medications
• The cost of any uncovered equipment or services that you need

Before choosing a healthcare plan, consider the state of your health. Also, how many years will you need this plan, before turning 65 and enrolling in Medicare? You need a backup plan to pay for extra expenses in the event that your health takes a turn for the worse in the meantime.

For most retirees, healthcare is one of their largest expenses. It’s no different for federal employees; the difference is that you have more choices for insurance coverage before you turn 65. As you continue to plan for retirement, consult with us about your options and we can help you decide which type of healthcare plan fits your budget.

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Federal Employee Retirement Benefits and Your Estate Plan

Posted by Gary Raetz Federal Employee Retirement Benefits and Your Estate Plan

You’re working hard, stashing money in your Thrift Savings Plan for retirement, also knowing that Social Security and your pension will help to round out your future income. You might also enroll in a life insurance policy, such as the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance plan. You hope there will be no need for those benefits any time soon, but want to protect your loved ones just in case.

So, you might be wondering what would happen, if you passed away prematurely. How would your life insurance payout be handled? What about your retirement plan or any other benefits?

When you first become a federal employee, you were asked to fill out a number of forms. One of those would have been a beneficiary form, which allows you to name someone who will receive any available after-death benefits. These “benefits” might be a payout related to unused annual leave, for example. While you might have completed those forms ages ago, it is actually a good idea to review the information every few years. Situations can and do change, and you might wish to select a different beneficiary at some point.

Many people overlook this step, and occasionally we see some surprising “beneficiaries” after a death. Just picture your ex-spouse or a partner from 15-20 years ago receiving your death benefits!

So whom can you designate to receive benefits, in the event of your untimely death? You can choose anyone as beneficiary on your Federal Employees Group Life Insurance plan, and also for the payout of your Thrift Savings Account. However, the rules governing your survivor annuity are much more strict and in most cases, only a lawfully wedded spouse can receive these benefits.

These are issues to discuss carefully with your estate planning attorney, but since they also relate to your federal employee benefits, keep working closely with us as you plan your financial future.

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Federal Employee Retirement 101

Posted by Gary Raetz Federal Employee Retirement 101

Since we specialize in helping federal employees plan their retirements, it’s no surprise that many of our blogs focus on the Federal Employee Retirement System (FERS). For those of you who have been federal employees for years, most of the language used on these pages probably makes perfect sense.

On the other hand, you would be surprised at how many federal employees aren’t as familiar with their retirement systems. That’s often because young, new hires aren’t quite thinking about retirement yet. They know they will have some type of retirement benefits, and might have heard that FERS is a terrific system by comparison with most private industries, but snoozed through the details during their new-employee orientation sessions.

Of course, sometimes federal employees are actually those pursuing a second career after working in the private sector for many years. If you’re in your 40s or beyond, and just began working for the federal government, you have a lot to learn about the retirement system.

Whatever the reason, some of you might be interested in a refresher course on FERS.

The main thing to remember is that FERS is built upon three separate retirement benefits. Combined, these three separate benefits will comprise your retirement income someday.

The first is the pension program. A portion of each paycheck (usually 0.8 percent) is withheld to fund the pension program. When you retire, you will receive a fixed amount of money from this program each month.

Your Social Security benefits make up the second “leg” of the FERS program. Like everyone else who works and pays Social Security taxes, you will someday claim your own benefits based upon your earnings record and the age at which you file your claim.

Those first two benefits are pretty much automated for you. The value of the third, your Thrift Savings Plan, will be directly determined by your decisions. The TSP works in a similar fashion to the private sector’s 401k plans; you contribute money to the fund each year, the money grows over time, and someday you will take distributions in retirement.

Hopefully this little refresher course has cleared up any confusion you have over the structure of the Federal Employee Retirement System. But of course, there will be many other decisions along the road to retirement, that will ultimately affect your income. So remember to consult with us regularly, and we can help you plan for a successful retirement.

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How Federal Employees are Taxed in Retirement: Part Two

Posted by Gary Raetz How Federal Employees are Taxed in Retirement: Part Two

Last week, we discussed how your pension might be taxed in retirement. But that probably won’t be your only source of income. Since federal employees enjoy a three-tiered retirement system, you might also be wondering whether you will owe taxes on distributions from your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP).

The answer seems simple on the surface: The decisions you made years ago, regarding your TSP contributions, will now dictate how your withdrawals are taxed in retirement.

If you chose to make traditional contributions… Most federal employees choose to make traditional contributions, meaning their contributions were taken from their paychecks on a pre-tax basis. This is often a smart decision, as it helps to lower your overall taxable income each year while helping you to save for retirement. Over the course of your career, those contributions also grew free of taxes. But, since you can’t escape income taxes forever, those withdrawals will be taxed as regular income in retirement. For most, this is not a bad deal, since we tend to stay in the same tax bracket or even drop down a bracket after we retire.

But if you chose Roth contributions…. You had another choice, though, to make Roth contributions to your TSP. These contributions are made on an after-tax basis, and they don’t help to lower your taxable income each year. However, they do help you to establish tax-free income for retirement. Since you already paid taxes on that money, you don’t owe taxes again when you take withdrawals from your TSP. Keep in mind that this rule only applies to “qualified” withdrawals: You have reached ate 59 ½, at least, and the money has been in the account for five years or more.

So, this part of your income taxes in retirement will depend upon decisions that you made years ago. Before you retire, schedule a meeting with us so we can discuss your potential income tax burden. You need to know what to expect, so that you can establish a budget and avoid any surprises. And, we can keep you informed of rules pertaining to your retirement benefits, so that withdrawals don’t accidentally trigger extra tax penalties.

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How Federal Employees are Taxed in Retirement: Part One

Posted by Gary Raetz How Federal Employees are Taxed in Retirement: Part One

Most of us look forward to retirement for similar reasons: No more alarm clock, no more cubicle, no more commute, and no more punching the clock. These things are true no matter where you work. Retirement is just a simpler way of life!

But no matter who you are, what you did for a living, or when you retired, one thing doesn’t change: You will still owe income taxes each year. Of course, your tax bracket might change, and to some extent the amount of your taxable income might change.

You won’t be paying payroll taxes anymore (Social Security and Medicare) but your income will be taxed as ordinary income in most cases. Your tax rate will depend upon your tax bracket, which might stay the same, or move up or down in retirement. However, some forms of retirement income are not taxable.

So how are federal employee benefits taxed? Throughout your career, you paid into your pension on an after-tax basis. So, the money you receive from your contributions in retirement won’t be taxed again. But you will pay taxes on the employer contribution part of those benefits, and on the earnings from contributions. The taxable part of your pension is based upon a formula that takes into account your retirement age and the amount of your contributions.

In other words, part of your federal employee benefits will be tax-free in retirement, while some will be subject to income taxes. You will need to plug your information into the formula in order to see how much of your benefits will be taxed.

You will also face a choice as to how these taxes are paid. Around the time you retire, you will receive a packet of papers pertaining to your benefits. Form W4-P offers you the option to have federal income taxes deducted from your pension, on a monthly basis. You can also elect to simply pay the taxes due each spring when you file your tax return.

Hopefully, this helped to explain how your pension benefits might be taxed in retirement. Next week, we’ll discuss taxes related to your Thrift Savings Plan.

Before you retire, schedule a meeting with us so that we can help you calculate the income taxes on your federal employee benefits. Then, together we can decide upon a strategy that best benefits you.

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What if You Retire Later Than The Usual?

Posted by Gary Raetz What if You Retire Later Than The Usual?

One of the perks of federal employment is the possibility of an earlier than usual retirement. We even covered this topic in our blog last month. But some federal employees choose to retire later than average, too. There could be many reasons behind this decision, such as:

  • You started your career with the federal government later than usual; you had another career first, you spent your younger years caring for children, or some other reason
  • You don’t need to retire yet, because your excellent health benefits have helped you to stay healthy
  • You truly enjoy your job, and aren’t ready to give up the personal fulfillment you find in it
  • You aren’t financially ready to retire, so you want to keep saving money
  • … and many others

Your reason probably doesn’t matter all that much. The important thing is understanding how a longer career could affect your Social Security benefits.

If you claim your Social Security benefits early… Let’s say you continue to work, but decide to claim your Social Security benefits before full retirement age (65 to 67, depending upon your birth date). Your benefits could be taxed, depending upon how much you earn annually. However, once you reach full retirement age, you will receive your full Social Security benefits without any tax reduction.

But, there’s a catch… If your Social Security benefits are taxed, because you claimed then before your career ends, you will be repaid that money when you reach full retirement age.

If you decide not to claim your benefits… You might also decide to continue working, but not claim your Social Security benefits until later. In that case, your benefits due will increase by about 8 percent for each year that you delay your claim. This provision only lasts until age 70, at which point there is no upside to waiting.

There is no “correct” time for anyone to retire. And since federal employees enjoy a three-tiered retirement plan, you might have more options than most people. Just remember that the longer you keep working, generally speaking, you can save more money and potentially increase your eventual Social Security benefits. Call us for a consultation and we can discuss this issue in more depth, and help you find the right time to say goodbye to your federal service.

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How Does the White House Budget Affect Federal Employees?

Posted by Gary Raetz How Does the White House Budget Affect Federal Employees?

Last month, the White House unveiled its budget proposals for 2018. And while the proposals are certainly far from finalized, federal employees are already wondering how the budget could affect them. Here’s what we know so far, keeping in mind that budget proposals often change a bit as they move through Congress.

No more Cost of Living Adjustments? The budget proposal would eliminate cost of living adjustments (COLA) for FERS employees, and reduce COLA for CSRS employees by 5 percent. The White House released the following statement as explanation for the move:

“The employee retirement landscape continues to evolve as private companies are providing less compensation in the form of retirement benefits. The shift away from defined benefit programs and cost of living adjustments for annuitants is part of that evolution. By comparison, the Federal Government continues to offer a very generous package of retirement benefits. Consistent with the goal to bring Federal retirement benefits more in line with the private sector, adjustments to reduce the long-term costs associated with these benefits are included in this proposal.”

Increasing annuity contributions. The budget also proposes to increase annuity contributions by employees, by one percent each year for six years. At this point, government and employee contributions would be equalized. The proposal would also eliminate the supplement for FERS employees who retire before age 62. The White House explained this idea with the following statement:

“According to an April 25, 2017 Congressional Budget Office Report, Federal employees are compensated with combined pay and benefits 17 percent higher than the private sector, much of which is provided in the form of benefits costs. As the CBO study shows, in comparison to the private sector, the Federal Government continues to offer a very generous package of retirement benefits even when controlling for certain characteristics of workers. At large private sector firms, only approximately 35 percent of workers at these large firms had access to a combination of defined benefit and defined contribution programs.”

A pay raise. The budget also includes a 1.8 percent pay raise for federal employees. While Congress could override this provision, it would prove to be unpopular, and in recent years has not happened.

So, there’s your “good news and bad news”. You might appreciate parts of the proposed budget, while opposing others, but the bottom line is to remember that “proposed” does not equal “finalized”. We will keep you up to date as the budget moves through Congress, particularly with regard to any changes that will affect federal employees. Until then, remember to continue regular consultations with us, so we can help you plan for a secure retirement.

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Does an Early Retirement Sound Good to You?

Posted by Gary Raetz Does an Early Retirement Sound Good to You?

Talk to anyone in their 40s or 50s, and most of them will paint a similar picture: They can’t wait to retire, but they’re simultaneously worry that it will never be possible. That’s a common fear, but the picture looks a little different for federal employees. If things line up just right, you might be able to retire earlier than average.

That’s because your retirement plan is based on three separate benefits, with each of them offering varying benefits as well as limitations. Social Security, for example, works the same for all of us. Your full retirement age is set somewhere between 65 and 67, depending upon when you were born. That’s the age at which you can draw your full scheduled benefits. Like everyone else, you could also take your benefits as early as age 62, if you don’t mind a smaller payment, or you could wait up to age 70 and receive larger monthly checks.

But since you have two other retirement benefits from which to draw, you might have more options than the average person. For example, you can begin taking distributions from your Thrift Savings Plan as early as the year you turn 55, if you decide to separate from service at that point. (Similar tax-advantage retirement plans for the private sector require enrollees to turn age 59 ½ before taking payments.) And of course, you have your FERS basic benefit, which functions as a pension based upon your years of service and average salary.

So, if your FERS basic benefit and TSP can provide enough income, you could conceivably retire before you’re eligible for Social Security. Keep in mind, though, that most people are living twenty years or more in retirement these days. You want to feel very confident that your Thrift Savings Plan withdrawals will last for a while. Social Security and your FERS basic benefit, of course, last for life.

If you’re considering an early retirement, give us a call. We can help you run the numbers, anticipate future expenses, and decide if this is a feasible plan for you.

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How FERS Benefits Protect Your Loved Ones

Posted by Gary Raetz How FERS Benefits Protect Your Loved Ones

No one likes to think about, or plan for, the end of their life. Yet, it’s a fact of life that we all must face. Federal employees count upon a high quality retirement system (called FERS) to provide income for their later years. But you might worry about what would happen to your spouse, if you should pass away prematurely.

It might ease your mind to know that if something should happen to you, your benefits are not completely lost. Your surviving spouse will be eligible for the Basic Employee Death Benefit, equal to 50 percent of your final salary (or average salary if higher), plus $30,792.98.

Of course, some restrictions do exist. Your spouse will only be eligible for the death benefit if you were married at least nine months prior to your death. Otherwise, benefits will only apply if your death was accidental or if you had a child together.

What about your former spouse? In some cases, your FERS benefits might also be eligible to your former spouse. You must have been married for at least nine months, and your spouse could not have remarried before turning age 55. In order to grant this benefit to your former spouse, there must be a qualifying court order awarding a death benefit on file with the Office of Personnel Management. This often happens in divorce cases in which minor children are involved, but might apply to other situations as well.

Speaking of children…. Your minor children might also qualify for monthly benefits if something happens to you. They must be under age 18, or 22 if attending college. Children who were disabled before reaching age 18 can receive payments indefinitely unless they get married. Step-children might also be included in survivor payments if they lived with you at the time of your death.

It should be comforting to know that your FERS benefits won’t be lost if the worst-case scenario happens but of course, you might wish to offer additional protection to your spouse or children through a life insurance policy. Call us to set up an appointment, and we can help you identify all of your options to protect those you love most.

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Should You Consider the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program?

Posted by Gary Raetz Should You Consider the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program?

Whether you’re currently employed by the federal government, or already retired from your years of service, you enjoy one of the best retirement packages in the country. You probably already know that… But many federal employees are less aware of some of the other benefits offered to them. In particular, the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP) offers distinct advantages that might protect you throughout your years of retirement.

You’re in charge of your care. At some point, your physician might recommend a move to a traditional nursing home or assisted living facility. In-home care is another common option. Under the FLTCIP, you are in charge of your care, not the program itself. You can choose the option you prefer, and the program even pays for care given by family members, friends, neighbors, and so on.

If you do choose to stay at home… The FLTCIP will provide necessary medical equipment, training for your caregivers, modifications to your home, care planning coordination, an emergency response system, and even home safety checks.

You keep your coverage. Once you have enrolled in the FLTCIP, you keep your benefits as long as you pay your premiums. Even if you leave government employment, you can stay in the program.

You won’t lose your benefits. Your coverage through the FLTCIP will be renewed each year, so long as you pay the premiums. Benefits are never canceled due to age or a change in health.

You won’t pay premiums while collecting benefits. In the event that you need to claim your benefits, there will be an initial waiting period. After that point, you won’t owe premiums anymore while collecting your benefits.

If you decide to protect yourself by enrolling in the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program, you might be interested to know that premiums can be deducted from your paychecks. This way, planning for the future is easy and automatic. If you have questions about the FLTCIP or retirement planning in general, give us a call and we’ll be happy to assist you.

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Don’t Forget About Your Bank Statements!

Posted by Gary Raetz Don’t Forget About Your Bank Statements!

When life gets busy, do you notice a little pile of mail growing on your desk, on the kitchen counter, or on the corner of your dresser? We all have that spot where untended documents tend to accumulate. But if your bank statements often end up in that spot, untouched for months, you could be putting yourself at risk for a few problems. Setting aside just a few minutes each month to review those statements can help you avoid the following problems.

Surprise fees. Banks often change their fee structures, and they won’t be calling you personally to discuss them. They will include a brief notice with your account statements, and then those fees will begin to appear. Miss the notice, and you could be charged hidden fees for months before you discover them.

Tax complications. If you find yourself struggling through hours of record hunting each spring, why not set yourself up for tax filing success throughout the year? When you review your monthly account statements, use a coding system to denote tax deductible purchases, expenses for a side business, educational expenses, and so on. When you sit down to file your federal income taxes next year, most of the work will already be done.

Refund hassles. What happens if you make a large purchase, or subscribe to a service, and the product is not what you expected? Well, first you hop on the customer service carousel, a frustrating ride that can last anywhere between minutes to weeks. Often proof of payment is required before a representative can refund your money. If you regularly review and file your bank statements, it will be easier to find a copy of the canceled check.

Fraud and theft. We don’t see many Old West-style bank robberies these days, but we do see a lot of cyber-based crime. If a hacker gets ahold of your bank account information, would you notice fraudulent charges? Possibly not, if you aren’t reviewing your bank statements on a regular basis.

Taking just a few minutes each month to review your bank account statements can save you quite a few headaches in the future. For more financial planning advice, particularly with regard to retirement savings, please give us a call. We can help you identify the strategies that will help you achieve your goals.

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Preparing for a Financial Emergency

Posted by Gary Raetz Preparing for a Financial Emergency

We spend a lot of time blogging about the importance of planning for retirement. But there is another part of financial planning that is just as important, and deserves more attention. What would you do, in the event of a financial emergency?

According to the Federal Reserve’s latest report on the well-being of American households, 18 percent faced a financial crisis in 2015. The reasons for money-related emergencies varies, but were listed as following:

  • Medical crisis (36 percent)
  • Loss of job (25 percent)
  • Reduction of work hours or pay (18 percent)
  • Spouse or partner lost their job (13 percent)
  • Spouse or partner lost work hours or pay (12 percent)

As far as reasons for financial problems go, these situations probably don’t surprise you. The bigger picture, though, is that most of these situations can happen to anyone. That’s particularly true for medical emergencies.

How prepared are you for a financial emergency? The report also compiled data on emergency readiness. Just over half (54 percent) of respondents said that they could easily cover an unexpected expense in the modest amount of 400 dollars. These respondents said they could pull the cash from their checking or savings accounts, or put the charge on a credit card and pay it off the following month.

However, 47 percent of respondents said they would be forced to sell personal possessions,or borrow the money. And remember, we’re just talking about 400 dollars here! The types of problems listed above would likely make a much more significant impact on your finances.

So how do you prepare? You can’t always guarantee that a crisis won’t strike you, but taking these steps can help you weather a storm relatively unscathed:

  • Get debt under control – using a debt counselor, consolidation loan, and so on
  • Track your spending for a month or two – see where your money is really going
  • Cut expenses where you can. Refinance debts, where beneficial
  • Devote some of your income to an emergency savings fund. Save any windfalls (like your tax refund) instead of splurging

If you can establish an emergency fund, you can prevent having to borrow money if you get into a tight spot. Even better, you won’t feel tempted to raid your retirement fund, which could negatively impact your long-term future. For more help with financial planning, give us a call and we’ll be happy to help you.

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Should You Keep Your FEHB in Retirement?

Posted by Gary Raetz Should You Keep Your FEHB in Retirement?

Federal employees have some of the best benefits around, from your retirement system to your Federal Employee Health Benefits (FEHB, for short). Unlike many private sector employees, you can even keep your FEHB after you retire! That’s an incredible value, considering how most other workers have to wait until they’re eligible for Medicare to retire, or find some way to provide themselves with health insurance.

Of course, like anything else, keeping your FEHB in retirement is subject to some rules. Luckily they’re pretty straightforward:

  • You must be “entitled” to an immediate retirement when you leave your position
  • You have had FEHB for the five years immediately preceding retirement (or you have FEHB less than five years, but did enroll immediately when you became eligible)

There are only two basic requirements, but that first one is a bit confusing, isn’t it? To clarify, pay special attention to this rule if you’re considering a postponed or deferred retirement. If you opt for deferred retirement, you can’t keep your FEHB. But if you separate with a postponed retirement, you can. Yes, it’s complicated, so schedule an appointment with us to discuss your FEHB before opting for retirement.

So why do many federal employees choose to keep their FEHB? It’s simple, really:

  • The federal government will pay for 72 percent of your premiums.
  • The FEHB is one of the best group health insurance plans on the market, because covering a large group of people usually keeps premiums low and benefits high.
  • You have more flexibility in your retirement planning; you don’t have to purchase your own health insurance plan, with rates that can vary wildly, or wait until you’re 65 and eligible for Medicare.

These are all terrific benefits, but not every situation is the same. For more information on keeping your FEHB after you retire, call us to set an appointment. We can discuss all of your retirement plans, keep you in the loop on changes to the federal employee retirement system, and help you make the decisions that work best for your situation.

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Have You Set a Retirement Date Yet?

Posted by Gary Raetz Have You Set a Retirement Date Yet?

In the retirement planning world, one of the most common questions we hear is, “How much money do I need to save before I can retire?” However, an even more pressing one might be, “When can I retire?” After all, retirement sounds like a lot more fun than a daily commute to a boring office. Most people would retire right now if they could!

Actually, these two questions are closely entwined. Answer one, and you can get a pretty good clue that helps you decipher the other. So let’s take a look at your retirement plans so far, and see if we can use that information to help you determine a retirement date.

Your retirement dream. Are you planning to stay right where you are, in your old family home? Or do you hope to sell it and live out your retirement dream elsewhere? Are you eyeing any expensive hobbies or travel, or are you more content with community organizations and your weekly bridge club? Deciding what you want to do in retirement, and where you want to do it, can help you put a price tag on your dream.

The price tag. Now that you can envision your ideal retirement, how much will it cost? You might have heard the common rule, that retirees need to generate about 80 percent of their current income in order to continue their current lifestyle. But what if your lifestyle will vary considerably in retirement? You might need more money, or maybe you can get by with less. This information can help you decide how long to continue working.

Your health. If you decide to keep your Federal Employee Health Benefits, the government will pay a significant portion of your premiums. But remember to budget for the rest, and keep in mind that health problems are more common as we age. That means your out-of-pocket expenses, for things like medication and special equipment, will also rise.

These are just some of the things you should consider when setting a target retirement date. For more advice on financial planning, give us a call and we will be happy to help.

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10 Ways to Overhaul Your Budget

Posted by Gary Raetz 10 Ways to Overhaul Your Budget

As a federal employee, you enjoy one of the best retirement systems in the country. Once retired, you will be able to access funds from Social Security, your annuity program, and your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP). The first two tiers of your retirement plan are fairly “automatic” but of course the funds in your Thrift Savings Plan depend upon your personal decisions. This gives you a lot of power to determine just how much retirement income you will actually enjoy one day.

Of course, saving for the future requires a bit of discipline, and it can be difficult to carve some extra cash out of your budget.

Use these ten methods to save a bit of cash now, and put that savings toward your future.

Spend less on prescription medications. Generic medications are held to the same strict FDA standards as name-brand ones. But of course, you should talk to your doctor to be sure switching to generic is right for you.

Learn to haggle. Sticker prices on items like appliances and cars are almost always negotiable. You can even ask for secret coupon codes on smaller items like clothing.

Buy used. Buying new products means you’re paying for a huge markup. Before buying any significant items, check out Craigslist or other online ads for deals on gently used goods. Sometimes you can even get brand-new items, in the box, at a steep discount.

Buy in bulk (when it makes sense). Sometimes bulk purchases are a waste. Are you really going to drink five gallons of milk this week? But warehouse clubs and even Amazon can save you a lot of money on non-perishable goods, so be sure to shop around for the best deal.

Start a neighborhood co-op. Don’t purchase an expensive item that you will only use a few times per year. See if your neighbors would like to join a co-op, where you share the cost of landscaping equipment or other pricey purchases.

Don’t upgrade right away. When companies release a new tech item (like phones or TVs), the initial markup is high to help them recoup the cost of development. After a year or two, the price will drop dramatically, so wait it out unless you urgently need that item.
Research before purchasing. Before you go shopping, comparison shop online. You can find the best deals and coupon codes before setting foot in a store.

Make good use of your credit card rewards program. Research your benefits thoroughly, and use the right card for each purchase that you make. As long as you pay the balance by the end of the billing cycle, interest won’t accrue, and you can earn up to five percent cash back on everyday purchases like gas and groceries. Just remember to stay within your monthly budget!

Saving money is only the first step. Now put that money you’ve saved into your Thrift Savings Plan, and you can enjoy a more secure retirement income. Plus, now you’ve developed great habits that will help you as you transition to a fixed income!

For more information on budgeting and saving for the future, give us a call. We can help you develop a workable budget now, so that you can better prepare for retirement.

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5 Ways to Simplify Your Finances

Posted by Gary Raetz 5 Ways to Simplify Your Finances

Modern life seems more fast-paced and hectic than ever. Many of you are longing for more simplicity in your lives, so that you can relax more and worry less. One particular area of concern is probably your finances. It’s tough to keep track of everything, between savings, budgeting, fees and more. Try these four methods to simplify your finances.

Consolidate accounts. Are you holding on to two, three, or more accounts? Doing this can make it more likely that you will overdraw one of them, or overlook a card theft. You can save yourself a lot of headaches and heartbreak by consolidating those accounts. Choose a bank that offers online banking, so that you can check your account from home or on the go.

Go paperless. If your bank and other financial institutions offer digital storage, there is no need to keep paper copies of account statements. You can unclutter your desk, and feel refreshed, by getting rid of all those piles of paper.

Use cash more often. Withdraw a set amount of cash each week or each month, to be used for everyday purchases. This is a great way to get yourself on a budget and avoid impulse purchases. Using a debit or credit card less often lowers your risk of theft, too.

Automate your paycheck and bill payments. Visit human resources and get your paycheck automatically deposited into your bank account each pay period. Now, take a look at when those pay periods fall, and automate as many bills as you can. Sign into your mortgage provider’s online account and have your house payment automatically deducted from your bank account each month. Do this with as many bills as you feel comfortable paying automatically, and you can avoid frustrating late fees and a lot of check writing.

While you’re at it, automate your Thrift Savings Plan contributions too! That way you don’t have to think about retirement planning each pay period. You can just revisit your plans every year or two, to make sure your savings are on track to meet your retirement goals.

These five steps can help you free up more time, and lower your stress. But remember to meet with us regularly to continue our retirement planning contribution, so we can help you keep your saving and budgeting plans on the right track.

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Five Smart Ways to Leverage Your Tax Refund

Posted by Gary Raetz Five Smart Ways to Leverage Your Tax Refund

Each spring, millions of taxpayers are thrilled to receive a tax refund. But this isn’t free money; you worked hard for it! Keeping that fact in mind, does it make sense to blow it on something frivolous? Or would it be smarter to reinvest it in ways that will pay off in the future?

The following five suggestions can help you leverage your tax refund, to get you in even better financial shape in the future.

Donate to charity. Yes, it feels good to help other people, but you’re also helping yourself! Next year you can claim a charitable contribution deduction on your tax return, and lower your tax liability. Of course, this only works for those who itemize their taxes.

Pay down high interest debt. No one wants to enter retirement carrying a lot of debt. For that matter, none of us want to enter next year carrying a lot of debt! If you decide to pay down credit cards or other types of debt with your tax refund, choose the account with the highest interest rate. That will save you the most money.

Boost your emergency fund. If you don’t have a lot of debt, it might be smarter to put your tax refund in a savings account. If you have a “rainy day” emergency fund on hand, you won’t have to pull out the credit card (and rack up a big debt due to interest) when life pulls its unexpected little tricks.

Use it to make more money. Could you get a promotion (and a raise) if you learned additional skills? Put that tax refund toward the classes you need! Have you thought about starting a home-based side business, but need a little start-up cash? Now’s your chance!

Put the money in your Thrift Savings Plan. Set aside the money for retirement. It will potentially earn interest if you invest it well, therefore serving you even better in the future.

Of course, it can be difficult to decide which of these options is best for you. Give us a call, and we can review your financial situation. Then, together we can make a plan, using your tax refund and other available opportunities, to get you on a better track to a secure financial future.

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Retirement Planning Doesn’t Have to Be a Drag!

Posted by Gary Raetz Retirement Planning Doesn’t Have to Be a Drag!

Ask someone to picture themselves in the distant future, and they will find it difficult to do. Sure, we can think about this summer’s vacation or maybe next year’s move to a new house, but most of us can’t really see ourselves ten or twenty years from now.

Research has demonstrated that when we try to do this, we see our future selves as basically a stranger. So it’s no wonder that retirement planning can feel like a drag. Who wants to save money for a stranger?!

But of course, we can certainly remember ourselves, looking backward. So one day, when you’re retired, you might look back at Current You and feel a bit frustrated with yourself. You might wish you had taken retirement planning a bit more seriously!

Set goals. Ask yourself what you want to do when you retire. Is it travel? Settling down at the beach? Pursuing a particular hobby or even starting a side business? You need to picture the future before you can put a price tag on it.

Identify your options. As a federal employee, you will receive Social Security, payments from your Basic Benefit annuity, and distributions from your Thrift Savings Plan. You automatically pay Social Security taxes and a contribution to the annuity plan, but what about your TSP? Are you contributing enough? How much do you need, anyway? How is it performing? We can help you answer these questions, and more.

Devote some time to retirement planning. The average person spends about five hours planning a vacation. But when it comes to retirement planning, we just check a few boxes on some forms at work, and want to forget about it. But since retirement will encompass a large part of your life, you should devote significant time to planning it. Give us a call, and we can help you chart a course for your future.

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5 Financial Planning Steps to Take in March

Posted by Gary Raetz 5 Financial Planning Steps to Take in March

The birds are chirping, flowers are blooming… it’s time for spring cleaning! Most of us get that urge to scrub the baseboards and clean out our closets in the spring, but there’s another important area of your life that deserves some attention. While you’re getting organized, take these five steps to get your financial future under control.

What you should keep. As you go through your files, hang onto things like bank statements, insurance documents, and receipts from the past year. Keep original loan documents, vehicle titles, and household warranties. And of course, hang onto tax returns from the past seven years.

What you should toss. If you’ve renewed insurance policies, you don’t need older copies of the agreement. Just the current policy will suffice. You can also toss bank statements from more than a year ago, especially if they’re available online. Also get rid of ancient tax returns from more than seven years back, and documents pertaining to items you don’t even own anymore.

Create a special folder for certain items. Your birth certificates, Social Security cards, and estate planning documents should go in this folder. Keep it in a secure place, and make sure your lawyer and perhaps one other trusted person have access to your estate plan.

Since you’re spring cleaning…. Walk through your home with a smart phone, and take video of your valuables. Remember to film inside closets and drawers, also. Make a written list of valuable items, including how much they’re worth, and file this list and a copy of the video in a secure place. If you ever need to file a homeowner’s insurance claim, the process will be much easier.

Budget for this summer’s vacation. Early planning can help you score a better deal on a beach condo, airline tickets, or pretty much any travel-related expense. Set a budget for the entire trip, and figure up how much money you need to set aside from each paycheck. If you plan well in advance of the vacation, you won’t feel tempted to put it all on a credit card when the time comes.

File your taxes. You have until April 18 to file your federal income tax return, but waiting until the last minute can cause you to rush and overlook important deductions. While you’re spring cleaning, set aside any receipts or statements that might pertain to your tax return. That way everything is ready to go when you visit your accountant.

For more financial planning advice, remember you can always give us a call! We can help you establish long term financial goals and make a plan to accomplish them.

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8 Terrific Perks for Retirees

Posted by Gary Raetz 8 Terrific Perks for Retirees

When we talk about retirement planning, we often discuss how you should save enough money to retire comfortably. After all, many of us can expect to live off our retirement savings (and Social Security) for twenty years or more! That can seem like a hefty financial burden. But there is also some good news in store for retirees: You can access many great perks and resources at around age 65. Some of the following retiree benefits might reassure you that the retirement years aren’t always about scrimping and saving.

Museums, symphonies, and more. Almost every museum around the US offers a senior discount, and even free days for those over 65. If you want to take in an opera, ballet, or symphony orchestra, you can probably get discounted tickets in any city.

National Park Service. Once you reach age 62, you can purchase a lifetime pass to all National Parks for only 10 dollars.

Airline tickets. Many airlines offer discounted tickets for seniors. However, they might be subject to certain travel dates and times – often not a problem for retirees who aren’t fitting a vacation into their work schedule.

Utilities. Some cable and phone companies offer a discount to seniors, especially to AARP members. But you have to call and ask about them; they aren’t widely advertised.

Public transit. In many cities, seniors can access discounts on public transit passes for the bus or subway system. Sometimes these discounts amount to as much s 50 percent, and in smaller communities, transit might be free!

Education. If you want to keep your mind sharp, learning something new is the way to go! Every state has waivers that provide reduced or even free college tuition to seniors.

Retail discounts. Many retail stores, even grocery stores, offer discounts of 5 to 10 percent for shoppers, once they reach a particular age. It ranged from 55 to 65, depending on the store, and the discounts are usually offered on certain weekdays.

AARP member discounts. If you join the AARP, you might be eligible for discounts on everything from auto insurance to car rentals to hotel stays. Remember to ask about this discount everywhere you go. You will be surprised!

Of course, the best pathway to a stable retirement still includes early planning and regular reviews of that plan. Make an appointment with us to review your plan, and we can help you devise a retirement strategy that works for your lifestyle and budget.

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Are You Considering a Move in Retirement?

Posted by Gary Raetz Are You Considering a Move in Retirement?

Unlike some industries, federal employees can be fairly well tied to a specific community during their working years. Your presence is needed at that particular location. But as you dream about retirement, you might find yourself hoping to reinvent your life. Once you stop working, and begin drawing your retirement income, you could conceivably live anywhere you want! So where will it be?

As you plan for your retirement, it’s a good idea to ask yourself whether you want to stay put, or move somewhere else. This can aid you considerably in determining your future budget. If you’re “shopping” for a retirement location, you might be interested to know that the AARP recently conducted a poll of current retirees. The respondents listed the following community features, which significantly impact satisfaction with their locations:

  • It’s pedestrian friendly (some retirees say that driving becomes difficult)
  • There is a bus stop nearby their home
  • The community offers transportation options for seniors and disabled residents
  • There is a strong police presence in the area, and a low crime rate
  • A favorite grocery store, church, pharmacy, park, and hospital are all located within one mile of home

Naturally, some retirees are already heavily invested in their current towns. They have family and friends nearby, or they are happy with medical care providers. Even so, you still might prefer to move within your own community, for improved access to the above features.

Another important consideration is your home’s upkeep. Will you be able to keep up with yard work and housekeeping? In the future, you might hire a service to help with those chores, and you need to plan your budget accordingly. You might prefer a smaller home at that point, to save money on upkeep and repairs.

Since housing is the greatest expense for most people’s budgets, it’s important to consider how your living arrangements will affect your retirement. As always, make regular appointments with us to discuss your goals as they change, and we can help you make adjustments to your financial plan.

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Do You Talk to Your Spouse About Money?

Posted by Gary Raetz Do You Talk to Your Spouse About Money?

Most of us recognize that budgeting, careful spending habits, avoiding excess debts, and regular conversations with a skilled advisor are keys to financial health. But even if you’re doing all of these things, you might be overlooking something else that is crucial to your long-term success: Are you talking to your spouse about money?

After all, the two of you share a bank account, along with goals for the future. But some people experience extreme difficulty talking about money with their spouse. Since couples who regularly discuss money usually report greater feelings of happiness in their relationships, it’s important to learn how to approach this delicate topic.

Plan ahead. Don’t bring up a serious financial talk without planning ahead of time. Focus on a few key points that you want to discuss, and plan the talk at a relaxing time. Keep in mind that you and your spouse might have different backgrounds, and therefore differing views on spending and saving. Approach the conversation with these differences in mind, and focus building a bridge between your viewpoints.

Start by setting goals. Begin the conversation by discussing the goals you both share. Then you can transition the talk into figuring out how to meet those objectives.

Try to agree on spending limits. Many successful couples say that they have agreed to discuss purchases over a specific dollar amount, before making them. You might agree on a limit of $100 or $500, or something else, depending on your budget.

Be completely honest. In a nice way, of course, have this talk without glossing over difficult details or hiding anything. You both need to know exactly where you stand on financial matters.

Avoid derailments. It can be easy for discussions to become derailed into side topics or insignificant details. Agree ahead of time to discuss only a few important topics.

Bring in a professional. Some challenges require professional assistance, and there’s no shame in that! A marriage counselor can help if money discussions frequently dissolve into a fight. A debt counselor can help you devise a strategy to get out of debt. And, of course, a financial advisor can help with planning for the future. Give us a call, and we can help you and your spouse identify future goals, and make a plan to work toward them together.

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Get Out of Debt Before You Retire

Posted by Gary Raetz Get Out of Debt Before You Retire

Federal employees enjoy one of the greatest retirement benefits packages in the country. After your years of service are finished, you will hopefully have enough retirement income to live securely for the rest of your life.

However, your spending is also a big part of that equation. Money only goes so far, and if you carry a large debt load into retirement, you could find yourself dissatisfied with your lifestyle. That’s why paying off your debts, even if you have to work a few more years, is one of the keys to a successful retirement.

Your mortgage. If you’re like most people, your mortgage is your biggest debt. Paying it off before you retire could give your budget significantly more room. There are a variety of strategies to accomplish this goal, such as putting your income tax refund toward the principle every year, paying extra each month, or refinancing to a mortgage with a shorter term.

If you can’t pay off your home entirely before retirement, selling it and paying cash for something smaller and less expensive is another good plan. You might prefer something with less yard work and housekeeping, anyway.

Credit cards. After mortgages, credit cards are the largest source of debt for most American households. If you only pay the minimum payment each month, it could take decades to pay off the balances! A low-interest loan might be your best bet to pay them all off before you retire. Just remember to stop using credit cards, except in emergencies, or you might run up another large balance.

Auto loans. Once you retire, you won’t be making your daily commute anymore. You might consider whether you and your spouse really need two vehicles. Switching to just one car payment – or none at all, if you plan carefully and pay off a reliable vehicle before retirement – will free up hundreds of dollars per month.

Medical debt. It’s important to pay down debts before you retire, but when it comes to medical debt, this is something to watch throughout your retirement years as well. Remember that you can often negotiate your medical bills, so make phone calls before you write any checks.

For more information on your retirement benefits and managing life on a fixed income, give us a call. We work with federal employees to him them plan successful retirements.

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5 Common Mistakes That You Might Regret in Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz 5 Common Mistakes That You Might Regret in Retirement

Retirement planning poses an enormous challenge for most of us. It can be difficult to predict how long we will live, how much money we need, and all of the potential pitfalls that can cost us money in the future. And while it’s true that you don’t have a magic crystal ball that shows you the future, we do know that certain actions are almost always mistakes that cause major regret in the retirement years. Watch out for these five mistakes now, and you’ll be less likely to suffer second thoughts later.

Relocating. Many retirees are thrilled with their relocation, but others view the move as a mistake. The difference is probably the amount of time you spent analyzing your move. Is it too far away from children and grandchildren? How is the cost of living in the area? What about state taxes on retirement income? Will the weather really match your expectations? Many retirees move south, expecting warm weather year-round, and are shocked to discover that ice storms are no more fun than snow storms!

Claiming Social Security benefits too early. If you claim your Social Security benefits before full retirement age, your checks will be permanently reduced by as much as 25 percent. It can be tempting to go ahead and claim benefits and retire at age 62, but if you wait just a few more years you’ll earn your full benefit amount, plus you have four more years to pay off debts or stash money in your TSP.

Financing college over retirement. If you have kids, you understandably want them to have the best of everything. That includes the best education. But there are a variety of options to fund college tuition, such as scholarships, grants, loans, and work study. But there’s only one way to fund your retirement. This is one situation where you have to prioritize your own needs above those of your children.

Investing in risky schemes. Remember the old adage: If it seems too good to be true, it probably isn’t true. It can be tempting to multiply your retirement savings by investing in a high-risk scheme, but too many times we’ve seen people lose everything. Shoot for steady, dependable, and relatively safe growth instead.

Procrastinating on saving. You hear it all the time, but we should all start saving for retirement at the beginning of our careers. Over thirty or forty years, those savings can really multiply. But of course, most of us fail to do that. Start stashing as much as you can in your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) every year, and try to get caught up. You’ll be grateful for this part of your retirement package one day.

These are just some of the pitfalls of retirement planning. As you can see, potential mistakes are hiding around every corner! But retirement planning can be easy with expert guidance by your side. Give us a call, and we can help you plan for a secure future.

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6 Ways to Stretch Your Retirement Income

Posted by Gary Raetz 6 Ways to Stretch Your Retirement Income

As a federal employee, you will someday enjoy one of the best retirement system out there. And like everyone, you probably dream of your retirement, looking forward to the freedom you will feel when you leave your working years behind.

For some people, however, no matter how great their retirement system is, retirement doesn’t feel nearly as “free” as they imagined. That’s because transitioning to a fixed income can come along with its own challenges and restrictions. If you’re eyeing your retirement date sometime in the next decade, more or less, then start implementing these six steps now. You will find that they help you stretch your retirement income a bit farther, so that you can enjoy your retirement more.

Plan for healthcare needs. After housing, healthcare is the largest expenditure for most retirees. Since unexpected events can have a major impact on your budget, make sure you’re prepared for them. Setting aside some cash in a savings account can help to cover large co-pays, for example, or long-term care insurance can protect your retirement income in the event that you need specialized nursing care.

Be strategic about Social Security. There are dozens of different ways for you to claim your Social Security benefits, and many options for when you begin receiving it. Make sure you sit down with an experienced professional who can explain your options so you can make an educated decision.

Take on a part-time job. Retirees often find themselves bored after a few months of retirement. A part-time job can be the perfect opportunity to keep yourself engaged in the community, making new friends, and learning something new. Plus, the extra income is a terrific boost!

Ask for a discount… everywhere. Discounts abound for senior citizens and federal employees, but they aren’t often advertised. Ask about these discounts everywhere you go, from the hair salon to car rental companies to motels and restaurants. You’d be surprised how these discounts add up to help stretch your budget.

Adjust your budget before retirement. Some of your expenses will change once you retire, such as the cost of commuting. But it’s still a good idea to get an estimate of your expected retirement income, and then live on an adjusted version of that budget for at least a few months before you retire. This can help you ease the transition to your new budget, and let you take it for a “test drive” first.

Consult with a professional. For help estimating your expected retirement income, and other solutions to help you transition into retirement, give us a call. We help federal employees make the most of their benefits, so that you can enjoy the freedom of a secure retirement.

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6 Steps to Building a More Secure Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz 6 Steps to Building a More Secure Retirement

When was the last time you discussed your retirement dreams? Like most people, you might have set a few goals years ago, and you’ve been steadily working toward them ever since. With our economy improving, there is a good chance you will indeed reach those goals. However, it’s always unwise to take anything for granted. Follow these six steps to ensure that you’re on the best possible track to a secure retirement.

Consider your budget. Wondering how much money you will need in retirement? Assess your spending now, making adjustments for expenses that will change in retirement. This will help you figure out how much income you need to generate in order to cover your lifestyle.

Get rid of debt. When you begin to consider a target retirement date, consider paying off your debt first. If you enter retirement free of debts like credit cards, your income will stretch much farther.

Think of ways to increase your income now. If you make more money, you have more to save for retirement (via your TSP). Alternately, you might need additional income to pay down your debts. You might be able to earn more money by learning new job skills, or you might consider a part-time second job to earn a little more money.

Decrease your current expenses. If generating more income isn’t an option, decreasing current expenses can free up some extra money. Many people increase their cost of living each time they get a raise, but you can get ahead of the game by keeping your expenses level and putting extra money into savings instead.

Conquer the thrill of instant gratification. Spending money on unnecessary things can earn you the thrill of instant gratification, but the high doesn’t last long. If you can conquer that temptation now, you will get your budget under control, plus establish good spending habits that will benefit you in retirement. Each time you’re tempted to spend money, ask yourself whether this item is more important than your long-term goals.

Create a plan. No one arrives at a great destination without first mapping out a route! Sit down with us to discuss your retirement goals, and together we can create a step-by-step plan to help you achieve them.

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How Might Rising Interest Rates Affect You?

Posted by Gary Raetz How Might Rising Interest Rates Affect You?

For nearly ten years, interest rates remained at historically low levels. This decision (to keep rates low) was due mostly to the economic crisis of 2008 and the following recession, but we all knew rates wouldn’t stay that low forever. Now that the economy has shown signs of improvement, the Fed has issues small increases to the benchmark interest rate. The first was in December 2015, and the second was just last month.

You probably have some questions about this event, which we will try to answer as simply as possible.

Why does the Fed adjust interest rates? It might seem like an arbitrary decision, but the Fed closely monitors and controls interest rates for important reasons. In a poor economy, lowering interest rates can spur economic activity. In an improving economy, inflation could get out of control if rates remain low. So, when they see signs of economic growth, the Fed responds by raising interest rates. The goal is to keep inflation around 2 percent, a manageable level of growth.

The bottom line is that an interest rate hike is a positive sign, reflecting economic growth which will benefit us all.

How will rising interest rates affect me? Understanding all of the ins and outs of economic activity requires far more than a simple blog. Many people dedicate entire academic careers to the study of economics! But the simple answer is that rising interest rates will result in some positive impact for the individual, as well as some negative results. As with all changes, we take some good with some bad.

For those with money in the bank, or certain types of investments, rising interest rates mean faster growth of funds. We all like that! But of course, if you want to borrow money, you’ll be paying a higher interest rate for that loan. With rates expected to rise at least once more this year (and maybe several more times, depending on how the economy grows), it might be a good idea to move ahead with any refinancing plans now, before rates increase. And since some investments actually lose value in times of rising interest rates, it might be time to re-balance your portfolio to reflect these changes.

These thoughts are just generalizations, of course, and you should seek more specific advice before making any big decisions. If you’re concerned about how rising interest rates might affect you, give us a call. We can help you review your financial plan and make any necessary adjustments.

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Plan TSP Distributions Carefully to Avoid Negative Consequences

Posted by Gary Raetz Plan TSP Distributions Carefully to Avoid Negative Consequences

It might sound strange, but retirement planning doesn’t end when you retire! In fact, regular and consistent planning throughout retirement is the best way to reduce unpleasant surprises on your tax returns, and to keep your budget and retirement income in line. In particular, one unpleasant surprise that everyone should avoid is the possibility of a large tax penalty at age 70 ½.

At some point after you retire, you will begin taking distributions from your Thrift Savings Account. Many people choose to delay these distributions as long as possible, accessing other forms of income such as Social Security to pay the bills. A few of you might even keep working long past your full retirement age (as defined by Social Security). Delaying distributions is a terrific strategy, as it helps your retirement funds continue to grow. But if you wait too long, this plan could backfire in a big way.

Specifically, we’re talking about the rule within most retirement plan (including the Thrift Savings Plan) that requires you to begin minimum distributions by age 70 ½. The IRS established this rule because retirement plan contributions are made free of taxes during your working years, and at some point they want you to begin withdrawing taxable income from that account. If you don’t take your RMDs on time, you could face a stiff penalty on your taxes, in the amount of 50 percent of the distribution you should have taken. Ouch!

If you haven’t begun taking distributions already, you must do by April 1 following the year in which you turn 70 ½. However, there is one potential complication to this plan: Depending when your birthday falls, you might be required to take another distribution by December 31 of that year. For some people, this could mean that they are pushed into a higher tax bracket that year, and they will owe more money than usual to the IRS.

As with all things related to retirement, required minimum distributions can become a tricky issue. Your RMDs are calculated according to a specific formula, and the rules can be confusing for most people. It’s better to plan ahead for these distributions, than to scramble to fix mistakes later. So, schedule regular appointments with us throughout your retirement years, and we’ll discuss your strategy ahead of time. We can help you anticipate your income needs, and work to prevent any unpleasant surprises.

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Before You Retire, Ask Yourself These Questions

Posted by Gary Raetz Before You Retire, Ask Yourself These Questions

Are you ready to retire? If you’re like most people, you just yelled “YES!”, and now you’re fantasizing about packing up your desk and booking cruise tickets. However, emotional readiness is just one piece of the puzzle. As your expected retirement date approaches, make sure you can answer these four questions to your satisfaction.

How is your risk tolerance? Throughout your working years, you might have selected a few riskier fund options due to their potential for faster growth. But as you near your expected retirement date, you will probably want to switch to a more conservative approach in order to protect your principal. Schedule an appointment with us, so that we can evaluate the future of your investment strategy under these new conditions.

What is your withdrawal strategy? We focus so much on saving for retirement, that many of us forget to create a withdrawal strategy. Have you assessed your true cost of living in retirement? Have you planned distributions in such a way that your income tax burden is minimized? What about the cost of medical care and the possibility of long-term care in the future? Most people don’t simply set regular withdrawal amounts. Instead, withdrawals must be strategically planned from one year to the next, in order to reap the best results.

Have you made an estate plan? You probably chose beneficiaries, years ago, when you first enrolled in a life insurance policy or opened your Thrift Savings Account. Typically, much can change over the years, so take the time to evaluate those choices before you retire. It’s time to meet with an estate planning attorney, too, to establish a Will and any other necessary legal documents.

What will you do all day? It might seem silly to wonder what you will do all day after you retire. After all, you can’t wait to get away from the office! But in reality, the happiest retirees are those who have a plan to spend their retirement years. Take some time to ponder options such as volunteer work, travel, part-time employment, community activities, and so on. Having a plan for your daily activities will keep you socially engaged and give you a sense of purpose.

These are just four questions that everyone should ask themselves before retiring. You might also face additional dilemmas specific to your situation. So give us a call, and we’ll sit down to discuss your retirement plans and create a plan for success.

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4 More Things to Do Before December 31

Posted by Gary Raetz 4 More Things to Do Before December 31

We’re all busy at this time of year, with holidays, shopping, traveling, and social engagements, but because many important financial planning decisions must be implemented before the end of the year, take a few moments to assess your situation before December 31. We want to help you enter 2017 on solid financial footing, so take these four steps before the end of the year.

Examine your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) contributions. Your TSP not only helps you save for retirement; it also offers you a valuable tax savings opportunity. In order to reap the most advantage on your taxes, and to adequately prepare for retirement, contribute the maximum allowable amount each year. For 2016 the max is $18,000, and you can contribute an additional $6,000 if you’re aged 50 or older. At the very least, contribute enough to reap your maximum employer match, if your agency offers matching retirement funds.

Give to charity. If you itemize your taxes, charitable donations offer a valuable savings opportunity in the form of a tax deduction. But you must make your gifts before the end of the year, if you want to count them on your tax return in the spring. Remember to research first, to make sure your chosen organization is qualified by the IRS, and keep a record of your gift.

Plan for next year. Take a look at your most recent pay stub to get an idea of your savings habits. Are you contributing enough to your TSP? Do you expect a raise in January? If so, remember to divert half of the extra funds to retirement savings. You can enjoy your raise while also setting yourself up for financial stability in the future. Visit your human resources department to adjust paycheck withholding.

If you’re retired, plan your distributions for next year. As much as we wish it were true, retirement is not a “set it and forget it” exercise. Financial planning continues to be important during your retirement years, and planning distributions is a large part of your overall strategy. For example, if you expect to sell your home at a profit, you might wish to reduce your distribution amount that year in order to stay in your income tax bracket. That’s just one example, but as you can see, distributions must be carefully planned each year.

If you haven’t begun taking distributions yet, you will be required to do so during the year in which you turn 70 ½ (or else face a penalty on your taxes). If that time is approaching, give us a call to discuss your distribution strategy. We can help you plan the right time to take your required minimum distributions (RMDs) so that you avoid any potential complications with your tax return.

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Time is Running Out for these Tax Deductions

Posted by Gary Raetz Time is Running Out for these Tax Deductions

At this time of year, tax planning might be the last thing on your mind but if you are feeling a touch of the generous holiday spirit, and if you plan correctly, charitable donations can often be used as valuable tax deductions! Giving feels good and can also earn you a break on your taxes, but before writing any checks, make sure you’re following these guidelines.

Check out the organization. In order to claim your gift as a deduction on your tax return, the recipient must be a charity that is qualified by the IRS. Check IRS Publication 526 for more details. You also want to make certain that the group is legitimate, since scam charities are quite common at this time of year. Resist the urge to pull out your credit card over the phone, and take the time to research a charity first. Some con artists can be quite convincing.

Keep records. If your return is ever audited, you will lose the deduction for any charitable donations that you cannot prove. So keep those receipts! If you donate by credit or debit card, your statements will suffice to prove your claim.

Claim non-cash donations correctly. Household goods and clothing must be in good used condition, and you can only claim their depreciated values (not the price you originally paid for the items). If you donate stock, you can only deduct its current fair market value. If your non-cash contributions amount to more than $500, file IRS Form 8283 with your return. If an item is worth more than $5,000, you must attach a qualified appraisal as proof.

If you receive anything in return for a donation – for example, you win an item at a charity auction – then you can only claim the difference between your donation and the value of the item. For example, if you bid $1,000 on an item worth $200, then you can claim a deduction of $800.

Make your donations by December 31. In order to count donations toward your 2016 tax return, the gifts must actually be made during 2016.

As always, check with your tax professional if you have any questions about the income tax deduction for charitable donations. And if you have any other financial planning questions, give us a call. We’ll be happy to help.

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4 Ways to Maximize Your Future Retirement Income

Posted by Gary Raetz 4 Ways to Maximize Your Future Retirement Income

With the average lifespan increasing, and costs on everything from gas to healthcare fluctuating, you might feel concerned about your future retirement income. As a federal employee, you enjoy a terrific, three-tiered retirement system. But that doesn’t make you immune to income quandaries in retirement. The following four methods can help you boost your retirement income, so that you can feel a bit more confident about the future.

Contribute the maximum. Your Thrift Savings Plan contributions not only help you save for retirement; they also offer a valuable tax deduction each spring. So make sure to contribute the maximum allowable amount each year before December 31. For 2016 the maximum allowable contribution is $18,000.

Make catch-up contributions. If you’re like most people, perhaps you didn’t prioritize retirement savings when you were younger. Back then, it was hard to picture yourself retiring one day, or maybe you had other financial priorities like saving for a home. The good news is that even if you’ve fallen behind on your retirement contributions, you can get caught up. Once you reach age 50, you can contribute an additional $6,000 to the TSP each year.

Pay off debts. It goes without saying that lowering your monthly bills will help you stretch your retirement dollars farther. There’s not a lot you can do about the electric bill, but paying down debts before you retire can shave hundreds (or more) off of your monthly expenses. Tackle high-interest credit card debt first. It’s worth a bit of personal sacrifice, if you can enter retirement free of excessive debts.

Postpone your retirement. We’re not saying you should put it off indefinitely, but consider waiting just another year or two. You can build your retirement savings a bit more, have extra time to pay down debts, and accumulate more annual leave which you can sell back to your employer for a nice little “retirement bonus”.

These are just some of the more common ways to stretch retirement income. For more strategies and tips suited specifically to your situation, call us to schedule an appointment. We specialize in helping federal employees identify the retirement income strategies that work best for them.

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What’s Different About Federal Employee Retirement?

Posted by Gary Raetz What’s Different About Federal Employee Retirement?

Federal employees really do have one of the best retirement systems in the country, but it’s also one of the most complex and confusing! It works great when you are able to navigate all of its complexities, and that’s why we strive to keep FERS employees educated on their benefits (and updated on any news that might affect you).

So, as a federal employee, how is your retirement system different? And what decisions should you make differently, as opposed to the average American worker who is planning for retirement?

You could retire sooner. The three-tiered federal employee retirement system often allows workers like you to retire earlier than the average person. However, this superior system also comes along with added responsibility. Many FERS employees report that they have to take the initiative to keep track of their own service record, to ensure accurate benefits in exchange for time worked. It’s not a big deal, most of the time, but it does help to work closely with a financial advisor who is accustomed to the complex federal retirement system.

Typical retirement calculators can’t compute your benefits accurately. The average worker can use a retirement calculator to compute retirement income needed, pinpoint a retirement date, and determine a savings goal. It’s not so simple for federal employees, because your benefits start at different dates and can change over the course of your retirement. Therefore, it’s difficult for the average financial planner to really pinpoint your retirement needs. It takes an expert who is intimately familiar with the FERS system.

Options within the Thrift Savings Plan are unique. The TSP offers famously low expense ratios, and the opportunity to invest in certain funds that are not available elsewhere. But of course, it’s better to work with a financial planner who is familiar with the TSP, because it doesn’t work exactly like other retirement plan options.

These are just three ways that your retirement system varies from those offered to the private sector. Luckily, we specialize helping federal employees understand and navigate their retirement benefits. Give us a call, and we will be happy to answer any questions that you might have.

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Three Things to Do Before the End of the Year

Posted by Gary Raetz Three Things to Do Before the End of the Year

Over the next month or so, we’re all going to be fairly busy with holiday shopping, travel, and special events. So you probably don’t want to add anything else to your to-do list! But there are certain things you need to do before the end of the year, to help ensure that you enter 2017 on sound financial footing. Pencil these items into your calendar; they won’t take long, but it’s important to get them done before December 31.

Check your retirement savings contributions for the year. If you’re contributing to a Thrift Savings Plan, you can contribute up to $18,000, or $24,000 if you’re over age 50 and making additional catch-up contributions. Contributing the full allowable amount by December 31 helps you to reap maximum tax benefits in the spring. If your employer offers matching contributions, contribute at least enough to receive the full match.

Examine your investments. The Thrift Savings Plan offers many fund selections that have very low expense ratios. Because of that, you might feel satisfied to leave things as they are for the long term. But in doing so, you could be turning down valuable opportunities to select more promising investments. You should reevaluate your portfolio every year or two, and rebalance it to suit your changing needs.

Evaluate your retirement plan. When did you set your retirement goals? Have you reviewed your plans lately? Does your retirement plan account for inflation, and the likelihood that you will live twenty or more years after retirement?  Sound retirement planning requires ongoing assessment and alterations to your strategy, so let’s sit down and discuss your long-term strategy.

We can help you with all of these end-of-year tasks. Give us a call, and we’ll help you evaluate your financial plans so that you can enter 2017 feeling confident about the future.

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Social Security Unveils Four New Rules for 2017

Posted by Gary Raetz Social Security Unveils Four New Rules for 2017

Social Security is an important part of your retirement plan. But because it is an enormous, complicated government program, policymakers continually make adjustments to its rules and procedures. That’s why we always tell our clients that you can’t put your retirement plan on the back burner! As things change, so should your retirement plan. The following four changes to Social Security are set to take effect in 2017.

Payments will increase by a small amount. Beneficiaries count upon regular cost of living adjustments to help them keep up with the rising cost of living. And in most years, they do receive a bump in benefits. In 2017, that increase will be quite small compared to most years, due to our inflation rate remaining near zero. At 0.3 percent, the cost of living adjustment will result in an average of five dollars added to checks. These adjustments won’t always result in a lot of extra money, so remember that when you plan for retirement!

Married couples have fewer options. The loophole which allowed many married couples to utilize popular the file-and-suspend strategy has been closed. When it’s time to claim benefits, the lower-earning spouse can claim their own checks or spousal benefits, but they won’t be able to change to a different benefit type at a later date.

Working beneficiaries can earn a little more money before benefits are withheld. Some people choose to claim their Social Security benefits early, while continuing to work. But if they earn more than a certain limit (before reaching full retirement age), part of their benefits are withheld. Next year that limit will be raised from $15,720 to $16,920, allowing working Social Security recipients to earn a bit more money.

Some taxpayers will be paying more. Taxpayers support the Social Security program by paying a 6.2 percent tax on earnings up to $118,500. Next year, that earnings cap will increase to $127,200, meaning six-figure earners will be paying a bit more into the system.

As you can see, changes to Social Security can range from minor to significant, and they happen frequently. So you can’t just make a retirement plan and then forget it! Give us a call, and we’ll discuss Social Security planning as well as other elements of retirement preparation. We can double check your plan to see if it needs to be udpated, and help you make the necessary adjustments to your strategy.

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The Future of Medicare

Posted by Gary Raetz The Future of Medicare

When public systems such as Social Security and Medicare were first created, we were living in a very different world. People tended to retire with a pension or some other form of retirement income, utilize Social Security as a supplement to that income, and then live about ten more years. There were also fewer retirees supported by these systems overall.

Now, with the Baby Boomer generation retiring, we’re facing a very different scenario. Medicare, in particular, is feeling a strain from several different directions. Currently, about 57 million seniors depend upon the Medicare program, but that number is set to swell to 73 million by 2025 as more Baby Boomers retire. And while we’re all happy about the prospect of longer lifespans, that trend also places greater strain on the public healthcare system.

On top of the sheer number of seniors to be covered by Medicare in coming years, we’re also witnessing dramatic increases in the cost of healthcare for everyone. Higher prices translate into even more financial pressure, some of which is passed on to the public through higher premiums and deductibles. Medicare premiums are set to rise by about 6.9 percent each year through 2020, with unknown increases continuing each year after that.

If politicians and lobbyists want the Medicare system to remain solvent, they certainly have their work cut out for them. In the meantime, as you plan for your retirement, you have some work to do as well. Watch the upward trend in healthcare costs and Medicare premiums carefully, as well as projections for the Social Security system. The retirement plan you formulated years ago might not accurately reflect the reality of coming years, and you might need to make some adjustments to that plan.

Give us a call, and schedule a meeting to discuss these issues. We can help you evaluate your retirement plan, identify any potential pitfalls, and make a plan to generate the income you need in retirement.

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Are Your Retirement Plans on the Right Track?

Posted by Gary Raetz Are Your Retirement Plans on the Right Track?

As a federal government employee, you enjoy a retirement program that is superior to those offered by many private employers. After completing your service, you will enjoy an annuity payment, your Social Security benefits, and any income generated by your Thrift Savings Plan. By contrast, many Americans can only look forward to income generated by one retirement account (such as a 401k) and Social Security.

But don’t be lulled into a false sense of security! According to a recent survey conducted by Navy Federal Credit Union, 36 percent of you haven’t started saving for retirement yet! In the case of federal employees, this would mean that you have not elected to contribute to your Thrift Savings Plan, or save money in some other savings vehicle that you establish yourself.

As you might expect, those who earn $50,000 or more annually are more than twice as likely to have a retirement plan, and are making steady progress toward it, than those who earn less. We feel it’s important to remind you that no matter how much you earn, everyone retires someday. Even if you can save only a small amount now, the power of compounding interest will help that money grow. One day you will be glad at the difference even a small amount of savings can make in your retirement income.

However, even those of you with a plan might not be completely on the right track. Of survey respondents who are saving for retirement, only 42 percent said they feel well-informed on the topic. The rest feel either completely uninformed (10 percent felt this way) or feel somewhat informed but think they could be making better choices (48 percent).

In other words, making the decision to save, and doing it diligently, are only half of the equation. You might be off to a good start, but need to make some adjustments to your plan along the way. Remember, we’re here to help. We specialize in helping federal employees plan their retirements, and we’re always available to answer any questions you might have.

If you haven’t discussed your retirement plans with a professional, give us a call today. We can help you evaluate your plan, decide if you’re on the right track, and make any necessary adjustments to your long-term vision.

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Is a Phased Retirement Right for You?

Posted by Gary Raetz Is a Phased Retirement Right for You?

Are you feeling ready to retire, but question whether you’re financially ready? Or perhaps you need to reduce your work hours, but you don’t want to completely retire just yet. Federal government employees enjoy the option of a Phased Retirement for this very reason, and it could be a good choice for you.

There are many reasons someone might want to choose the Phased Retirement path. Your partner’s health could be failing, and they need you at home more often. Or maybe you want to retire, but you’re hesitant about living on a fixed income. A Phased Retirement can help you bridge that gap; instead of leaping directly into retirement, you undertake the process gradually and take time to adjust to your new budget.

Whatever your reason, you might be wondering how Phased Retirement works. In a nutshell, here it is: Your work hours are reduced by half, along with your salary. However, you also begin drawing part of your annuity. When you enter Phased Retirement, the annuity is calculated as if you are fully retired, but then divided by two. Your income is part salary, and part annuity.

During this time, your income will be less than your original full salary, but more than your anticipated annuity amount. It’s a good way to test the waters of retirement by gradually reducing your income and adjusting your lifestyle accordingly.

When you fully retire, your annuity will be recalculated according to your years of full-time service, plus your years of part-time service. And of course, you will also file for Social Security benefits when you reach the age of eligibility. If you have invested in a Thrift Savings Plan, you can also begin taking distributions, completing the third leg of your federal retirement program.

A Phased Retirement isn’t right for everyone, but it could be a good option for you. Give us a call to discuss your lifestyle and budget needs, and we can help you decide if this path could be the right one.

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Changes to Social Security and Medicare Could Affect You

Posted by Gary Raetz Changes to Social Security and Medicare Could Affect You

A few months ago, it was announced that Social Security might not issue a cost of living adjustment (COLA) in 2017. This prediction was made based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which determines adjustments, reflecting a flat inflation rate all year.

There’s been a bit of a change in that area, because the CPI’s third-quarter numbers appear to reflect a very slight rise in inflation. Now we are expecting a COLA to be issued to Social Security beneficiaries in January. However, the increase in benefits will be historically small, at an estimated 0.2 percent.

While Social Security benefits remain nearly the same as this year, Medicare is rolling out some big changes in premiums for some beneficiaries. About 30 percent, those who fall into higher income tax brackets and those who don’t have premiums deducted from their Social Security checks, will see a sharp increase in monthly premiums. Watch your mail closely, as Medicare should be contacting you with an exact figure.

On the other hand, the remaining 70 percent of Medicare recipients will see only a tiny increase on their monthly premiums, at about $2.70.

We always tell our clients not to count on Social Security to provide a majority of their retirement income, and this news is a good example of why you shouldn’t do that. Even if your expenses increase, such as Medicare premium hikes or other costs of living, Social Security’s COLA won’t always reflect your retirement income needs. We can help you plan for a stable retirement income, and show you other ways to prepare for unexpected expenses. Give us a call, and we’ll sit down and talk about your retirement income plan.

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6 Little Known Benefits of Life Insurance

Posted by Gary Raetz 6 Little Known Benefits of Life Insurance

For many generations, life insurance has been viewed as mostly a way to cover funeral expenses or replace income from the family breadwinner in the event of his or her death. Without a doubt, those are still two of the primary goals of a life insurance policy. But you might not know that these days, many people are utilizing life insurance to accomplish other important financial planning goals.

Hedge against debts. “Replacing income” is one way to look at life insurance. But you might also consider purchasing a policy that will cover your outstanding debts, such as a mortgage. This way, your loved ones aren’t left struggling to pay the bills on a lower income after your passing.

Protect against estate taxes. If you own considerable assets, your heirs could be charged a hefty estate tax penalty. A life insurance policy in the amount of expected taxes can cover that liability for them, making it much easier to process your estate.

Leave a legacy. If you want to leave a specific monetary gift to a charitable organization, purchasing a life insurance policy can accomplish that goal. Simply name the organization as the beneficiary on the policy.

Prepare for retirement. Some types of life insurance can actually be utilized to provide a stream of income in retirement.

Equalize bequeathed assets. Let’s say you want to leave a certain valuable piece of property to one child, but you don’t want to play favorites. You can purchase a life insurance policy, so that you bequeath something of equal value to your other child.

Build net worth. A life insurance policy adds to your net worth. This can be a valuable asset in the event that you need to borrow against it.

If you have a particular estate or financial planning goal, it is likely that there is an insurance policy to help you achieve that objective. But because there are so many life insurance policies on the market, it’s best to seek expert guidance before selecting one. Call us to schedule an appointment, and we can help you review the options.

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Something Important to Remember About Your Thrift Savings Plan

Posted by Gary Raetz Something Important to Remember About Your Thrift Savings Plan

As a federal employee, you enjoy a three-tiered retirement plan unlike anything else offered in the retirement industry. The plan is thorough, but also complex, meaning many federal employees are not familiar with some of the more obscure rules and regulations regarding their own benefits. And they don’t always seem to be widely publicized!

Your Thrift Savings Plan offers a valuable opportunity for you to save for retirement. But there’s one thing about the TSP that many people don’t know: It will not honor statements included in your will, court orders, trust documents, or any other legal documents if you pass away. If you want your chosen beneficiaries to receive the money in your TSP, they will only do so if you filed Form TSP-3 at some point before your death.

That doesn’t mean you forfeit the money in your TSP if you die. It simply means the plan administrators follow a default order of rule when deciding who gets the money. That order is:

  • Your spouse, if you have one
  • Your children, if you don’t have a spouse
  • Your parents, if you don’t have a spouse or children
  • The appointed executor of your estate, if you have none of the above
  • If you haven’t appointed an executor of your estate, then your state’s default rules of inheritance will apply as your estate passes through probate court

It’s best not to make any assumptions about the order of inheritance. You might currently be happy with the idea of your spouse inheriting the money, and decide not to file Form TSP-3. But what happens if you get divorced one day? Or what if you and your spouse pass away at the same time? The situation could get tricky for the person you intended to inherit your money. It’s better to fill out Form TSP-3 now, and designate both a primary and backup beneficiaries, than to leave everything up to chance.

For more help with Form TSP-3, or for advice on any other financial planning matters, give us a call. We specialize in helping federal employees manage their retirement benefits, and we can offer you expert advice geared specifically for your situation.

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Traditional vs Roth IRA – The Major Differences

Posted by Gary Raetz Traditional vs Roth IRA – The Major Differences

Most Americans with an employer-sponsored retirement plan are making “traditional” contributions to the account. If they want to open and fund a Roth account, they often take this action on their own. But as a federal employee, you have the option of choosing whether you want to make traditional or Roth contributions to your Thrift Savings Plan (TSP). Depending upon your preferences, you can choose one or the other, or make both types of contributions.

Traditional contributions are those that you make on a pre-tax basis. The money will come straight from your paychecks, before any taxes are deducted, and will be deposited into your TSP. Going this route will reduce your overall taxable income for the year, and therefore can lower your federal income tax burden.

These contributions will accumulate in your account with taxes deferred, meaning you won’t owe taxes on the earnings until you take withdrawals after retirement. If you’re a member of the armed forces and you contribute tax-free combat pay to your TSP, you will only owe taxes on the interest earned by that money.

The other option is to make Roth contributions. After taxes are deducted from your income, you can deposit money into your TSP. Now that money will never be subject to taxes again. Withdrawals in retirement will be free of taxes, and if you meet IRS rules for qualified earnings you won’t owe taxes on accumulated interest either.

Deciding between traditional or Roth contributions can be a complicated dilemma. Some people wish to establish tax-free income in retirement, and therefore opt for Roth contributions. Others feel that they benefit more from making pre-tax contributions now, and saving money on income taxes throughout their careers. Often the decision comes down to your expected tax bracket in retirement: Do you expect to move up a bracket, will your annual income stay about the same, or will you be earning less? This could be the deciding factor.

Since this is a complicated issue and there is no one-size-fits-all answer that works for all federal employees, you should discuss the decision carefully with a financial advisor. Give us a call, and we will offer our federal retirement expertise to help you make the decision that is right for you.

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The Most Important Ingredients for a Happy Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz The Most Important Ingredients for a Happy Retirement

In the retirement planning world, we tend to focus on making sure our clients are financially prepared for their later years. After all, it’s hard to enjoy retirement if you’re forced to live on Ramen noodles! Money is certainly an important component to overall enjoyment of life.

But we also want you to truly feel happy in retirement, and money isn’t the only factor at play. In fact, in a recent study of current retirees, researchers found that health is an even larger determining quality to overall happiness. It makes sense; no matter how high your income, it’s hard to enjoy life when you’re sick or in pain.

After health, money was ranked the second most important factor in determining retirement satisfaction. Ranking third, fourth, and fifth on the list were:

  • having loving family and friends
  • having a feeling of purpose
  • continuing to try new things

As you continue to plan for a secure financial future, don’t forget to consider these other very important parts of life. Take care of your health now, by eating healthy foods, exercising, and avoiding unhealthy habits, and you will reap the rewards both now and in retirement.

Remember, also, to take care of your personal relationships, and consider where you want to live after you retire. Moving to Florida might sound fantastic now, but you could end up feeling isolated from friends and family.

As you prepare to make the transition into retirement, ask yourself how you will spend your days. Most retirees say that trying new hobbies keeps them feeling youthful and energetic, and volunteering or working a part-time job gives them a feeling of purpose. Your preferences might vary from the norm, but the important thing is to find activities that you enjoy and that keep you connected with your community.

These are the “other” ingredients to a happy retirement. But as always, give us a call if you need help with the financial planning part. We specialize in helping our clients prepare for the retirements of their dreams.

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Is Your Retirement Plan on Track?

Posted by Gary Raetz Is Your Retirement Plan on Track?

Federal employees enjoy a terrific, three-tiered retirement plan. In many cases, the retirement plan offered to government employees beats those offered in the private sector. But because of that implied security, you might not pay as much attention to your plans for the future. And if you don’t pay attention along the way, you could find that your plans for retirement have been derailed for one reason or another.

We want you to have the ability to retire on your own timeline, and enjoy a reasonable standard of living. But because many people wait too late to check up on their retirement plans, and find themselves disappointed with retirement or even unable to retire, you should take these steps now to make sure that you’re ready to retire when the time comes.

Step One: Set a budget. Do you know where every cent of your paycheck is going? You should! Not only could you be spending money that you should be using to set yourself up for retirement; you might also get yourself into the habit of living a lifestyle you won’t be able to afford later. Take the time to track all expenses for the next month or two, so you can cut out unnecessary spending and retake control of your budget.

Step Two: Pay down your debts. Many of us are spending several hundred dollars per month on credit card bills and other debts. Plan to retire only after you’ve paid off those bills, so that you have more room in your retirement budget. After following Step One to get your budget under control, now divert those extra funds to your debt.

Step Three: Save more for retirement. Once you’re out of debt and free of huge credit card payments, divert that extra money toward your Thrift Savings plan. Many federal employees forget to invest in this third leg of their overall retirement plan. Ramping up your own savings is one of the best ways to establish a comfortable lifestyle in retirement.

For more help with your retirement plan, call us to schedule an appointment. We can help you identify areas of your budget that need change, address your debt load, and make a plan to get caught up on retirement savings.

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Have You Planned for This Aspect of Retirement?

Posted by Gary Raetz Have You Planned for This Aspect of Retirement?

In the old days, many people retired and then spent the following few years, up to a decade, living off of Social Security and whatever pension or retirement savings they had managed to accumulate. They knew that a stay in a nursing home might be needed at some point, due to illness or an injury, and they planned for that expense accordingly. But, generally speaking, a senior living center was a necessity, not an option.

These days, seniors are offered a much greater variety of living options. At some point, you might need a small amount of nursing care or help with daily activities, but not so much that you need an old-fashioned nursing home. You might also desire the security and social opportunities provided by a group living situation. And that’s why senior living centers have expanded to include more options than ever.

The old style of nursing home is quickly becoming a thing of the past, reserved for only the most dire of situations. Today’s seniors can enjoy group living homes with private rooms or suites, or even a small home in a village of their peers. You might tour various facilities that include swimming pools, exercise classes, social engagements, college courses, and free transportation to community events. You might still shop for your own groceries and cook in your own kitchen, with a minimal amount of help from an assistant, rather than subsisting on cafeteria meals.

This trend is encouraging, as the diverse needs of senior citizens are being addressed with safety and medical supervision in mind. But of course, the burden of paying for these living centers will fall on you. As you plan for retirement, start considering all of your future housing options, and create a budget with this expense in mind. You might not need a senior living center right away, but at some point it may become your preferred choice.

As you plan your retirement budget, schedule a meeting with us so we can help. We’ll review your plans and financial capabilities, and help you set up a stream of income that helps you meet your retirement goals. That way, you can feel free to choose the living options that best suit you.

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You May Be Wealthier Than You Think!

Posted by Gary Raetz You May Be Wealthier Than You Think!

Did you know that you’re one of the wealthiest people in the world?

You might not think so. According to the Global Rich List, which uses World Bank data and global wealth statistics, an American earning an annual salary of $75,000 falls into the top .11 percent in the entire world. That information can certain give you a new perspective! What feels like an average lifestyle to you, is actually extravagant by comparison with the rest of the world.

But despite our relative wealth, many Americans are still technically broke, in the sense that they have accumulated little to no savings. Among households making $75,000 or more annually, one-third say they live paycheck to paycheck. And because of that lack of savings, only 37 percent of people aged 45 to 54 feel that they’re saving enough for retirement.

We can do better than this! You have the financial potential to save for retirement, but you might be falling behind due to the following factors.

You don’t know how you’re spending your money. We all have fixed expenses, such as our house payment, but many people are spending way too much on things like restaurant meals and entertainment. Check out a month’s worth of debit and credit card statements, and you will see what we mean. Then, put yourself on a budget and cut out some optional frivolous expenses.

You don’t have a plan. Most people simply earn money and spend it, without making a detailed plan for their income and expenses. When you commit to a particular budget and savings goal, you’re more likely to follow through on that plan.

You aren’t making contributions to your Thrift Savings Plan. As a federal employee, you will enjoy a retirement plan provided by the government. But because that income along with Social Security might not cover your cost of living in retirement, you should be making contributions to your Thrift Savings Plan each year.

You haven’t consulted with an expert. Most people automatically call a plumber or roofer or mechanic when something goes wrong with their home or car. But because your income is your most important asset, you should also be consulting with a financial professional. Give us a call, and we will help you analyze your budget, retirement goals, and savings. Then we can make the right decisions together, that will put your income to best use and lead to a more secure future.

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Don’t Get Your Heart Set on a Cost of Living Adjustment

Posted by Gary Raetz Don’t Get Your Heart Set on a Cost of Living Adjustment

Are you currently retired and drawing Social Security benefits? Or are you planning to retire in the next few years, and carefully watching news on Social Security? Either way, we have to share what might be disappointing news for you, but it’s important to keep you updated on these issues so that you can make the best possible plan for your retirement.

The Board of Trustees of the Social Security Trust Funds has already announced that next year’s Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA) is likely to range between 0 and 0.7 percent. That means seniors drawing benefits might not receive a much-hoped-for raise in their checks, or the increase could be disappointingly small.

Social Security beneficiaries usually look forward to each fall’s COLA announcement, and are happy to receive slightly larger benefits checks the following January. But while this is by no means an official announcement, it does appear that the forecast for a 2017 COLA is grim. If you’re already retired and drawing your benefits, remember that you can’t count upon a COLA in any given year, and start making necessary adjustments to your budget now. If you’re still planning for retirement, we want to remind you of two important things you should remember.

The first is that you can utilize strategies to maximize your Social Security benefits. Working up until your full retirement age is the only way to ensure you will receive your full schedule benefit amount, and working beyond full retirement age can net you even larger benefits when you do eventually retire. Couples also have a few different filing options available to them, and it’s important to seek expert advice on how to file for benefits before making permanent decisions. Just remember when it comes to Social Security, you must be “present” to win.

The second thing we want to tell you, is that you should plan another form of retirement income that provides for your expenses. We can never stress this enough: You can’t rely upon Social Security to fund your entire retirement. And since COLA is never guaranteed in any given year, your other form of income should provide room in your budget. You can even establish a stream of income that increases according to inflation, if you desire.

Contact us for more information, and we can help you maximize your Social Security benefits. Then, we can discuss the different types of retirement income available to you, and help you make a plan that helps you reach your retirement goals.

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Does Your Retirement Face These Risks?

Posted by Gary Raetz Does Your Retirement Face These Risks?

Federal employees are fortunate to enjoy a three-tiered retirement plan. Once you retire, you will draw income from Social Security, your pension, and withdrawals from your Thrift Savings Plan (assuming you chose to contribute to it). In some ways, you’re more fortunate than many American workers, who will be depending upon only one or two forms of retirement income. But that doesn’t mean you won’t face the same retirement risks as everyone else. The following factors could greatly impact your future, so make sure to give them careful consideration before you retire.

Longevity. Thanks to improved healthcare and nutrition, people are living longer than ever. But if you live to be 85, 90, or even 100 years old (a more common occurrence now than ever), how will you live for several decades on a fixed income? Your Social Security benefits and pension should hold out, barring any unforeseen complications, but are you depending upon income from your Thrift Savings Plan? If so, it would be smart to take a closer look at that part of your plan. How long with that income last?

Healthcare. A longer life also means more opportunity to develop serious diseases or other complications. With the cost of healthcare rising steadily each year, how will you cover this expense? Medicare will pay for a portion of your expenses, but you will be responsible for co-pays, deductibles, and premiums. Can you handle the burden of rising prices?

Long-term care. At some point, many of us will need long-term nursing care. A longer life span nearly guarantees that you will need extended care at some point. Are you prepared to face this significant expense? Remember, even if you rely upon family members to care for you, the cost to their careers and personal lives can be great. It is still best to have some money set aside to cover long-term nursing care. As a federal employee, you have the option of enrolling in the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program, or choosing a private plan to address your needs.

Inflation. Most of us barely notice the rise in prices from one year to the next. But over the course of 20 years, your cost of living could almost double! Since you can expect a relatively long retirement of 20 years or more, you should ask yourself whether your budget will accommodate a significant decrease in your spending power toward the end of your life.

For more information on how you can hedge against these risks, give us a call. We specialize in helping federal employees estimate their retirement budgets, and make changes to their plans in order to accommodate common issues such as inflation and healthcare.

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Things Federal Employees Should Know about Life Insurance

Posted by Gary Raetz Things Federal Employees Should Know about Life Insurance

You might already know that a good life insurance policy is one of the best ways to protect your family. However, what exactly is a “good” life insurance policy? There are so many options out there, it’s easy to make a mistake when choosing your provider or plan.

A life insurance policy is an investment, and like any investment you should spend some time on research before making a final decision. As a Federal Employee, you have options but there are also a few things you need to know.

Step One: Perform an analysis. Sometimes people fall into the trap of selecting the first life insurance policy that appears to be a good deal, convenient, or some other deciding factor, but nothing is a good deal if it’s not what you need!

A full analysis of your life insurance needs will ask the important questions, to help you determine how much coverage you need and which type of policy is right for you. Take this important step first, and it will help you narrow down your options to the policies that will offer genuine protection.

Step Two: Consult with a professional who understands your Federal benefits!   Did you know that it is possible for the life insurance premiums you pay while you are working to double, triple, or even more when you retire?  Well, it’s true.  The cost of your benefits, including your life insurance premiums, is being subsidized by the Federal government.  When you retire, this stops and the result is often a shocking increase in your premiums.

Federal employees are eligible to take advantage of the Federal Employee’ Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) program, a group term life insurance program. However, there are varying levels of coverage and costs so it’s imperative to understand your options prior to making a decision – especially when you are near retirement.

It is extremely important for Federal employees to sit down with someone with experience in dealing with Federal benefits and not only explore the options, but also explore the costs.

Step Three: Continue to reevaluate your needs. Life insurance isn’t something you can purchase one time and then forget it. As your family changes, your life insurance policy should also change to reflect shifting needs. Perform a new life insurance analysis every two to three years, or after major life changes, and make the appropriate changes to your coverage.

Often, the biggest problem is that people forget to change their beneficiary designations when necessary.  For instance, a marriage, divorce, birth, or death can all trigger the need for a beneficiary change.  It is easy to forget and so critical to keep current.

Give us a call. We can help you analyze your initial life insurance needs, explain all of your options, and answer all of your questions.  We have decades of experience working with Federal employees.

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An Alternate Social Security Strategy for Couples

Posted by Gary Raetz An Alternate Social Security Strategy for Couples

Last fall, Congress made waves in the retirement planning world, when they brought an end to a long-standing loophole that allowed a popular Social Security strategy called “file and suspend”. The strategy, commonly used by couples to maximize their benefits, has now expired. Without it, some of you might be wondering whether there are other ways to maximize Social Security benefits.

Actually, yes, there is another commonly-used strategy that helps some couples to increase their overall Social Security benefit amounts. You can do this by filing a “restricted application”, and it’s a strategy that all couples should examine as they plan for retirement.

Here’s how it works:

John and Tina, a married couple, are ages 66 and 62, respectively. Once Tina turns 62, she can file an early application for her Social Security benefits (although she will receive smaller payments than if she waited until her full retirement age). Meanwhile, John has reached full retirement age, but he doesn’t file for his benefit yet. Instead, he files a restricted application, and claims spousal benefits on Tina’s work record.

Each month, Tina will receive her own benefit, and John will receive a spousal benefits check for roughly half of that amount. In the meantime, John’s benefit amount, which is based on his own work record, continues to grow by about 8 percent as he continues working. When he turns 70, John claims his own benefits instead of the spousal benefit he has been receiving. Tina then switches to her spousal benefit, based on John’s work record, because his benefit amount is much larger.

Clearly, this strategy works best if John and Tina are able to live on smaller Social Security checks for about four years. The reward comes later, when they receive much larger checks each month. This strategy is especially lucrative if John continues to work until age 70, or if the couple has establish another form of steady retirement income.

Filing a restricted application isn’t right for everyone, and you should carefully analyze your situation before making such a serious decision. As with all retirement planning decisions, we’re here to help. Come in to talk with us, and we can analyze your retirement plans and help you decide upon the best Social Security strategy for you and your spouse.

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How Will Brexit Impact US Investors?

Posted by Gary Raetz How Will Brexit Impact US Investors?

After poll predictions that Britain would remain with the European Union, we were all surprised on June 23 when Brits voted instead to exit. And as always, markets responded unfavorably to the surprise. We watched as stocks dropped, bond prices rose, interest rates fell, and the British pound declined in value.

So what’s the overall impact on us? Most investors felt alarmed at the news, but there’s really no reason to panic. Looking at the long-term consequences of Brexit, we urge you to remember two things. First, the change won’t happen immediately. Britain will undergo a gradual transition period as they renegotiate their trade relationships. Second, the British economy only accounts for about 4 percent of the global economy. While they may see a recession as the country’s economy reorganizes, it’s unlikely that the world will see the same impact.

Moving forward, we should all keep the following lessons in mind:

No one owns a crystal ball that accurately predicts world events 100 percent of the time. No matter how reliable a prediction may appear, it is never set in stone. Polls predicted that Brits would vote to stay with the EU, and yet we saw the exact opposite outcome. Remember this event in the future, if you’re tempted to make important decisions based on predictions. Diversifying your portfolio across a mix of stocks, bonds, and other investments helps protect you against the impact of unpredictable world events.

Long-term growth is most important. Rocky times will come and go, but most of the time, periods of instability in the stock market don’t last for long. Keep in mind that Europe’s economy is still growing (it gained 2 percent in the first quarter of this year) and our own economy is expected to continue growing at 2 to 2.5 percent. Don’t get too hung up on temporary conditions in the market, and focus on long-term growth.

Focus on your personal financial goals. Portfolios should be structured with long-term goals in mind. If you’ve analyzed your risk tolerance and defined those goals, then you’re prepared to weather temporary storms due to political events. Set those worries aside, and try to view the current situation as a potential opportunity. While prices are low on quality international stocks, maybe now is the time to add a few to your mix of investments!

For more information on Brexit and how it might impact you personally, give us a call. We would be happy to continue this discussion and help you decide how to proceed.

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Avoid These Tax Traps in Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz Avoid These Tax Traps in Retirement

As you prepare for retirement, it’s normal to focus on your potential retirement income, budgeting, and making plans for the hobbies or travel that you hope to pursue. But there’s one other very important consideration that many people planning for retirement forget to analyze: You might be surprised by changes to your income tax situation once you retire.

As a federal employee, you face several potential tax pitfalls in retirement. This is due to the fact that your income will be derived from three different sources once you retire: Your pension, Social Security, and any income from your Thrift Savings Plan distributions.

Social Security. Federal employees pay taxes on 85 percent of their Social Security benefits, but Social Security does not automatically withhold these taxes from your checks each month. This could trigger a surprise at tax time, possibly the 10 percent estimated tax penalty (ETP). You can head off this problem by filling out form W-4, and having federal income taxes withheld from your benefits.

Thrift Savings Plan. If you take a single payment from your TSP, the default tax withholding rate will be 20 percent. Whether or not this is adequate will depend on your overall income situation. Otherwise, you will receive monthly payments, and the TSP will not withhold taxes unless your monthly payment is at least $1,500 per month. You can request tax withholding so that you don’t face a surprise each spring at tax time. And of course, if you take Roth withdrawals, there will be no need to withhold taxes because this type of retirement income is not taxed anyway.

Many retirees face an unpleasant surprise after their first year of retirement. When they file their taxes in the following spring, they discover that failing to have enough taxes withheld to cover taxes can trigger a 10 percent penalty (in addition to the tax). Tax are unavoidable, of course, but the penalty is not. Remember, as you plan for retirement, to estimate your tax burden and adjust your withholding accordingly. If you need help calculating these figures, give us a call and we’ll be happy to help you plan your retirement expenses.

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Retirees Face Rising Health Insurance Costs

Posted by Gary Raetz Retirees Face Rising Health Insurance Costs

Most federal employees stick with their current health insurance plan for years, often for the rest of their lives, because it is familiar and convenient. It can also be difficult for retirees to access information on costs or changes to their plans. And yet, it’s important to compare health insurance plans each year during open enrollment seasons, because many retirees overpay for their plans. When you’re on a fixed income, it becomes more important than ever to compare costs on major purchases!

Most federal retirees utilize the Blue Cross Blue Shield plan, and choose either the Standard or Basic policy. While the benefits of each plan are quite similar, the Standard plan premiums cost about two thousand dollars more per year. The difference in premiums is partly due to the fact that most retirees are using the Standard plan, and their health care costs are higher than those of younger workers.

Due to the premium difference, you might, at some point, consider switching from the Standard plan to the Basic plan. You might be considering this plan in retirement, or perhaps you are in the planning stage and considering how you can lower expenses once you retire. Either way, you should consider several important factors before making a change to your health care benefits.

First, make sure that you primary physician will included in your network if you make the switch. Under the Standard plan, you can visit out-of-network doctors, but under Basic you are limited to network providers only.

Another important consideration is how your retiree health plan works in conjunction with Medicare Parts A and B. Depending upon your specific health needs, and which type of Medicare plan you choose, either the Standard or Basic plan might offer more complete coverage.

You might have noticed that your health care plan made several changes for 2016. As you plan for retirement (or if you’re already retired), remember to re-evaluate your health insurance coverage each year. Doing this helps you to not only maintain adequate coverage, but also manage your costs in retirement.

For more information on budgeting in retirement, or planning for the years ahead, call us to schedule an appointment. We specialize in helping federal employees make the most of their retirement years.

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Federal Workers Have Long-Term Care Options

Posted by Gary Raetz Federal Workers Have Long-Term Care Options

Have you ever wondered what would happen to you, in the event that you need long-term nursing care? Many people assume that they could fall back on family help to get through a tough time, but you should remember the potential cost to your children and grandchildren. Many caregivers of elderly adults are not exactly young themselves, and beginning to face their own health concerns. And since 70 percent of caregivers perform this role for more than a year, and 24 percent carry the burden for more than five years, we aren’t necessarily talking about a temporary situation.

These issues are exactly why many federal employees choose to invest in the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP). Of course, long-term care insurance is a commitment, and you might question whether the FLTCIP program is the right option for you.

Alternatives do exist. Some people choose to self-insure, meaning they use their Thrift Savings Plan to save the money they would have spent on insurance premiums. Then, if you need long-term nursing care, you have the money to pay for it. If not, the money is available for other retirement needs. The problem with this idea is that you can’t predict how much nursing care you will need, and how expensive it will be. Unless you set aside a very large amount of money, you risk running out of funds to pay for your nursing facility or home care.

The other option is to purchase a private policy, rather than utilizing the FLTCIP program. Some federal employees prefer private long-term care insurance, because they might be able to access features such as:

  • Discounts (based on health and age)
  • Premiums based on gender
  • Discounts for couples
  • An annual payment option
  • A partnership policy which mitigates the spend-down requirements to access Medicaid

The FLTCIP website actually offers a checklist to help you compare features of the program with potential features of private long-term care insurance. Or, for more information on long-term care insurance or retirement topics in general, call us for more assistance. We specialize in helping federal employees weigh their options and plan for a successful retirement.

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A Retirement Countdown for Federal Employees

Posted by Gary Raetz A Retirement Countdown for Federal Employees

As a federal employee, you enjoy a comprehensive package of retirement options. But because the decision to retire is a complicated one, and involves significant sums of money, you shouldn’t leave anything up to chance. While you should think about retirement throughout your career, there are three major milestones you should pass on the way to your target retirement date.

About seven years before your expected retirement date. Attend your agency’s informational retirement seminar, if they offer one. Some agencies offer these retirement seminars online, so remember to look for that option as well. Most agencies who hold these seminars offer them about twice per year, to teach employees various facts about retirement such as:

  • how your retirement annuity is computed
  • how your Thrift Savings Plan will provide retirement income
  • how Social Security will provide a supplement to these other two forms of income in retirement

Attending this seminar about seven years prior to retirement can help you to ward off any surprises, and gives you plenty of time to make any necessary adjustments to your plan.

Three years before your expected retirement date. Attend your agency’s retirement seminar, if one is offered, once again. Update your information, and check to be sure your retirement plans are on the right track.

One year prior to retirement. At this point, you probably have a good idea of whether you’ll be ready to retire in the next year or so. Now it’s time to iron out the details.

Check to be sure that your work history is complete; mistakes are rare, but they do happen, and you want to be sure that you receive credit for all of your service. Once you’re satisfied, use a retirement calculator to calculate your expected retirement income. At this point, it’s a good idea to call us for help, because you will be confronted with questions on how to manage your Thrift Savings Plan and other retirement benefits. We can help you make these important decisions that will last the rest of your life.

Some agencies don’t offer retirement seminars, or the dates and times might not be convenient for you. Give us a call, and we can help you review your retirement options. We also periodically offer open seminars, and we we will be happy to extend an invitation to you.

Once you are satisfied with the final numbers, have made a decision about filing for Social Security, and have analyzed your lifestyle options, you are probably ready to retire. Get ready to mark that date on your calendar, and enjoy the countdown! In the meantime, sign up for our newsletter, and we will keep you updated on information that concerns you.


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7 Essentials for a Smart Budget

Posted by Gary Raetz 7 Essentials for a Smart Budget

As you transition into retirement, advance planning and years of hard work have hopefully provided for a satisfactory lifestyle. But most retirees do find that their retirement budgets are not quite as generous as the incomes they enjoyed during their working years. As you learn to become a bit more frugal, incorporate some of these seven tips into your life. If you begin using them now, before you retire, you might enjoy double effects: You can free up more money to save for retirement, and also ease the transition into your new life.

Pay attention. When you hear “budget tricks” you probably picture money-saving secrets or coupons in the Sunday newspaper. Truly, the best budget trick in the world is to pay attention to how much money you earn and where it goes. The accounting method you choose should feel easy to use and make sense to you. Some people prefer smart phone apps, while others use a computer program, and a few people still use the old pencil-and-paper method. It doesn’t matter how you do it; just choose an accounting method that you will use methodically and faithfully.

Compare wants versus needs. It’s perfectly fine to indulge in a “want” sometimes. But when you stay mindful about the difference between wants and needs, it will be much easier to maintain a realistic budget.

Spend less than you earn. You might often hear the advice to “live within your means”, meaning you don’t spend more than you make. In reality, living below your means is the best idea. You should structure your budget so that you have money left over at the end of each month. Now set aside that extra cash for emergencies.

Balance spending versus investing. When you spend money, you exchange it for something that does not provide long-term benefit. It’s part of life, of course, and no one is saying you should never spend money. Investing, on the other hand, means that you use your money to obtain something that will provide value over time, or even result in an increased cash flow. Understanding this difference will help you put your money to work for your budget, rather than against it.

Consider value versus price. Frugality doesn’t always mean choosing the least expensive item. If you need a new item, compare the long-term value of a more expensive item, with the price of having to replace the cheaper item several times. Often the more expensive, higher quality item is actually the better deal.

Avoid debt. Any time you are tempted to charge a purchase to your credit card, ask if you’re willing to pay more than the price on the tag. If you can’t pay off the purchase during the current billing cycle, you’re paying a higher price for each item that your charge.

Seek expert advice. Planning for the future is an essential part of a sound financial strategy. Schedule an appointment with us to discuss your retirement savings strategy, and we can help you make both long-term and short-term adjustments to benefit your budget.

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Is It Almost Time to Retire?

Posted by Gary Raetz Is It Almost Time to Retire?

Perhaps you set a retirement date years ago, but as that time gets closer, anxiety might come creeping in. Retirement is a major life change, so it’s normal to feel nervous about it. If you’re wondering whether you’re really ready to enter this next stage of your life, take these steps to assess your readiness.

Evaluate your living expenses. Your lifestyle might shift dramatically once you enter retirement. For example, you might save money on commuting, work clothes, lunches out, and so on. On the other hand, you might wish to pursue expensive hobbies or travel. Evaluate your expected retirement budget before you make the leap.

Review your retirement income. Will you be receiving income from Social Security, an annuity, your Thrift Savings Plan, or some other form of income? Do you plan to work part-time? Include your spouse’s retirement income, if they have any.

Consider your income taxes. Your income tax situation is likely to change in retirement, due to the different ways that retirement accounts are taxed. Also, if you plan to begin a second career or work part-time, some of your Social Security benefits could be taxed. If you plan to move to a new location, you might face new state and local taxes.

Pay attention to the cost of health care. Health care is often the largest expense faced by retirees. The cost of health care rises each year, and that means your co-payments and deductibles might increase as well. Leave room in your budget for these growing costs, and remember that situations such as long-term nursing care can eat an even bigger hole into your budget.

Pay down your debts. If you can, enter retirement as free of debts as possible. Taking this step will give you the ability to more freely modify your budget in the event of an emergency. Even if you have to work a few years longer, it’s worth it to enjoy a more carefree lifestyle.

Save more in the years before retirement. If you’ve paid down your debts, save as much as you can prior to retirement. Stash extra funds, such as income tax returns, in your retirement account. You might even exceed your original retirement savings goal; there’s nothing wrong with that!

Meet with a qualified financial advisor. Call us for an appointment in the years preceding retirement, and we can help you asses your plan, make the necessary adjustments, and stay on track toward a stable financial future. Retirement is a major life transition, and expert advice can make the difference between a bumpy ride and a smooth one.

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Federal Workers Can Retire Early

Posted by Gary Raetz Federal Workers Can Retire Early

The average life span of a human being has increased dramatically over the past couple of hundred years. Once upon a time, age 50 was considered “old”, but nowadays we tend to continue working until well past age 60. In fact, full retirement age – the age at which you receive full Social Security benefits – was set at between 65 and 67 years old, depending upon your year of birth.

Of course, that might appear to put federal employees in a bit of a bind. What if you reach retirement eligibility under the FERS system at, for example, age 60? Social Security comprises one third of your three-tiered retirement plan, but how can you retire if you can’t claim those benefits yet?

The FERS system actually takes that situation into account, and that is why the FERS annuity supplement was devised. If you retire before the first age of Social Security eligibility (age 62) then you annuity supplement will provide extra income to tide you over until you claim that third leg of your retirement income (your Social Security benefits). You will, of course, access your basic annuity and your Thrift Savings Plan (if you choose) during this time.

It’s important to note that the annuity supplement lasts until age 62, not full retirement age. You can claim your Social Security payments as early as age 62, although they will be permanently reduced from the full amount you would have received by waiting until full retirement age.

If you want to retire before your full retirement age, or if you need to retire due to health or other reasons, your annuity, annuity supplement, and Thrift Savings Plan might provide the income you need until you can claim Social Security. However, your annuity supplement will be means tested, meaning if you take another job during this time your supplement could be reduced.

Also, once you claim your Social Security benefits, you won’t be able to change your mind and receive your full scheduled benefits unless you repay the money you have received. There is a way to cancel your claim, but it is rarely used due to its difficulty. So the bottom line is that you should conduct very careful calculations, and compare the different potential scenarios, before you make this decision. Call us with any questions you might have about early retirement or your FERS benefits, and we can help you decide if you are really ready to retire early.

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Should You Claim Social Security Benefits While You Work?

Posted by Gary Raetz Should You Claim Social Security Benefits While You Work?

As a federal employee under the FERS system, you are undoubtedly familiar with the three main components of your retirement plan: Your annuity, Thrift Savings Plan investments, and Social Security. However, you might be locked into one way of thinking about your benefits and overlook financial strategies that are available to you.

For example, did you know that you can collect Social Security before you retire? It’s possible, if you reach full retirement age and you’re still working, to go ahead and claim your Social Security benefits. You will continue to earn your regular salary and contribute to your Thrift Savings Plan, while also enjoying the income boost of monthly Social Security benefits.

For some workers, it makes more sense to suspend those payments until age 70 ½, at which point your benefits checks will have grown larger. But you can also reap valuable benefits from going ahead and claiming your checks. For example, the income boost in your last years of employment can help you to pay down debts so that you enter retirement on more sound financial footing. Or, perhaps the extra income allows you to invest more in your Thrift Savings Plan.

You might also choose to set aside some cash in an emergency fund, so that you have a significant financial cushion in retirement. Other people choose to invest in a life insurance policy, or hedge against future risk by selecting a long-term nursing care insurance plan.

In other words, claiming your Social Security benefits while you continue to work can give you the funds to make additional retirement planning decisions. There is no single path that works just right for everyone, but having more options is always a great thing!

The timing of your Social Security claim is one of the most important retirement decisions you will make. If you’re still working when you reach full retirement age, you face an important decision: Allow your Social Security benefits additional time to grow, or go ahead and claim them right away. Call us to schedule an appointment before you reach full retirement age, and we can help you weigh your options.

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Maintaining Your Credit Score After You Retire

Posted by Gary Raetz Maintaining Your Credit Score After You Retire

As you reach your retirement years, you will probably notice that your financial priorities begin to shift. You might spend less on transportation, because you no longer commute to work, but more on hobbies to fill your time. You might spend more on health care, but less on clothes or restaurant lunches. In other words, a changing lifestyle means changing priorities.

Either your home and car are paid off, or you don’t expect to make those large purchases ever again. So along with these shifting priorities, you might feel that your credit rating isn’t nearly as important as it used to be. But this would be a mistake.

Older Americans still borrow money. Maybe you don’t plan to purchase another car or home in your lifetime, but emergencies can necessitate a loan. You might need to take out a second mortgage in order to cover a major roof repair, for example.

Your credit rating affects more than you think. Aside from your ability to obtain a mortgage, your credit rating can affect the rates you pay for auto insurance. It might even impact your ability to get a part-time job, in the event that you decide to boost your retirement income through employment.

“Gray divorce” is becoming more common. It’s not something most of us want to think about, but divorce in the later years is not exactly rare. In the event that you find yourself suddenly single, you might need to purchase another home or car. You will wish you had maintained your credit rating!

So have we convinced you that you need to protect your credit rating even after you retire? Take the following measures to build and maintain a solid credit history.
● Use a card – but pay it off each month. Keeping at least one credit card helps you to build a credit history, and some cards provide valuable perks. Just don’t charge more than you can afford to pay off each month.
● Don’t co-sign loans. Tell the kids and grandkids “no”. If they drop the ball on those car payments, you will be responsible for them.
● Keep your card secure. Unfortunately, older people are often targeted for theft. Keep your card in a secure location.
● Watch for ID theft. Examine your credit report at least once per year, and report suspicious activity. ID theft can ruin your credit score.
● Keep balances low. If you do carry a balance on a credit card, keep it below 30 percent of the credit limit.

As your needs and priorities shift, so should your budgeting and spending habits. For more financial planning advice, call us to set an appointment. We specialize in helping retirees identify financial needs and make adjustments along the way.

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When Should I Retire?

Posted by Gary Raetz When Should I Retire?

Federal employees enjoy terrific retirement benefits, but you still face difficult decisions. One of the hardest decisions involves setting your target retirement date. Many different factors will influence this decision, and some of them are highly personal in nature. But for most people, examining the following factors can help to establish a retirement timeline.

Calculate your retirement budget. How much money will you need in order to cover your living expenses each month? Have you paid down your debts? What about your home; will you be selling it and moving to a new location, or keeping it (and the mortgage)? If you’re moving, have you investigated state taxes on your retirement benefits? All of these, and more, are important questions to ask yourself when you begin to calculate your retirement budget. Remember to leave some wiggle room in your budget for unexpected expenses.

Estimate your benefits. Your length of service, high-3 average salary, and proration of cost-of-living adjustments will all affect your retirement benefit amount. Sit down with us before you retire, so that we can carefully estimate your benefits and compare them to your expected budget.

What about Social Security? As you know, the timing of your Social Security claim will influence your benefit amount. You can claim your benefits as early as age 62, if you’re willing to accept reduced payments. Or, you can wait until full retirement age to claim your full scheduled benefits. Waiting beyond full retirement age can increase your benefits checks by about 8 percent for each year that you wait, up until age 70.

Ask yourself if you’re emotionally ready. If the financial side of things looks good, you still have to ask yourself one more important question: Am I really ready to stop working? At first, the idea of giving up your desk sounds like a fantastic idea. But over time, some retirees miss the routine of regular employment, socializing with their coworkers, and the sense of fulfillment they gained from public service. Make sure you have planned a full schedule for retirement, including hobbies, travel, volunteer work, or anything else that interests you.

There is no perfect time for everyone to retire. But if you need some input on the matter, feel free to give us a call. We can sit down and discuss your budget, expected retirement benefits, and hopes for your retirement years. Then we can help you put together a plan for a happy retirement.

This information has been provided by a Licensed Insurance Professional and is not sponsored or endorsed by the Social Security Administration or any government agency

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Federal Retirement and Your Spouse

Posted by Gary Raetz Federal Retirement and Your Spouse

As you work and save for retirement, you aren’t just doing it for yourself. You also want to enjoy a long, happy, and comfortable life with your spouse. But what happens if you pass away prematurely? You might wonder how your spouse would be financially affected, and what would happen to your federal employee retirement benefits.

A lot depends upon the timing. But in general, the surviving spouse of a CSRS employee is eligible to receive 55 percent of the working spouse’s pension. This is figured upon the pension you would have received if you were still alive and retired, so naturally the amount does vary from one person to the next.

Your spouse would also be able to draw spousal benefits from your Social Security record, when he or she reaches full retirement age. This is assuming, of course, that your benefits are greater than your spouse’s benefit amount. Otherwise he or she will simply claim their own benefit when that time comes.

If the above two forms of income sound insufficient to provide for your spouse’s needs in the event that something happens to you, consider two additional options: Life insurance and another form of savings. There are many forms of life insurance available to you, with a lump sum death benefit paid out to your spouse (or some other beneficiary of your choosing) in the event of your death. It’s important to perform a needs analysis before selecting a policy amount, so that you can provide adequately for your survivors.

And of course, there is the Thrift Savings Plan. Any money that you contribute to this retirement fund accumulates over time, and in the event of your death will be passed to the beneficiary that you name.

For more information on your federal employee retirement benefits, or to learn how you can protect your spouse and children, give us a call. We can sit down and discuss your benefits as well as the various options you can utilize to protect the ones you love most.

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6 Essential Tax Deductions and Credits

Posted by Gary Raetz 6 Essential Tax Deductions and Credits

It’s your favorite time of year! The birds are chirping, everything is turning green again, and your federal income taxes are due. Okay, so you only love two of those things… But when you utilize as many deductions and credits as possible, paying your taxes can be a little less of a drag. Remember to check for the following deductions and credits.

State and local taxes. You can take a deduction for state and local income taxes, if you pay them, or state and local sales taxes if you live in a state that does not impose income tax. If you live in an income tax state, the income tax deduction is generally the better deal. The IRS provides a calculator to help you figure out the deduction available to you.

Charitable contributions. Remember to go back through your bank account statements or credit card records to identify any charitable contributions you made throughout the year. You can also deduct 14 cents per mile if you drove your car for a charitable cause.

Student loan interest. You can deduct up to $2,500 of student loan interest that you both incurred and paid yourself, or you can take the deduction if someone else made the payments on your loan (such as parents).

Moving expenses. Did you have to move more than 50 miles in order to take a job? Then you can count moving expenses as a deduction. Mileage is counted at 23 cents per mile, plus you can deduct parking fees and tolls.

Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit. Many people forget to claim this credit, because they pay for child care through a reimbursement account at work. You can claim up to $6,000 of child care expenses if you paid cash, or up to $5,000 if you paid through a reimbursement account. You can also claim this credit if you have an adult disabled child who needs care while you work.

Mortgage refinancing costs. If you refinanced your home, you can deduct points paid over the life of your loan. For a 30-year mortgage, that means you can only deduct 1/30th of your total points each year. But when you sell the home, remember to deduct the remaining points on the next year’s tax return!

There are many more tax deductions and credits that might be available to you, but the above are some of the most common. Since many tax deductions must be planned in advance, make sure to work closely with a tax professional. If you need financial planning advice, or information about deductions and credits related to your retirement accounts, please give us a call and we will be happy to help.

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4 Steps to Managing Your Retirement Budget

Posted by Gary Raetz 4 Steps to Managing Your Retirement Budget

As you draw closer to the end of your career, you are probably focused on reaching certain goals. You might want to save a particular amount of money, pay off debts, choose a place to retire, or some other worthwhile endeavor. But once you’ve retired, your planning will shift from those goals to more practical ones. In particular, how can you make your retirement income last for the rest of your life?

With life spans increasing and people enjoying longer retirements, this issue is more important than ever. Just before you retire, or soon afterward, take these four steps to manage your new income.

Establish a budget. For most people, their retirement income is less than what they earned during their working years. That means you need to analyze your expenses, cut out unnecessary ones, and decide upon a distribution amount from your retirement fund. It can be helpful to live on your expected budget in the months before retirement, so you can “test drive” it and make necessary adjustments.

Indulge wisely. You might have planned a major change for your life in retirement, or want to reward yourself for a job well done. There’s nothing wrong with that plan, but make sure you discuss this idea with your financial advisor preceding retirement. Any major expense such as a vacation, a new boat, or a major move should be a part of your planning process in the years leading up to retirement. That way we can help your budget to accommodate it.

Make decisions about health care. Remember that even once you reach Medicare eligibility at age 65, you can’t count on the program to cover everything you will need. You will still be subject to co-pays and deductibles, not to mention your premiums. And if you ever need long-term care, Medicare only pays for a very limited amount of nursing facility bills. Most of that burden will fall on you. Will your budget accommodate that expense? Would long-term care insurance be a smart option for you?

Continue to meet with a financial advisor. Retirement planning doesn’t stop at retirement. You will continue to reassess your goals and priorities, and will need to address new financial obstacles at times. Schedule regular appointments with us, and we will help you keep your retirement plans on the right track.

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5 Risks to Your Federal Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz 5 Risks to Your Federal Retirement

One of the benefits to being a federal employee is the reliable retirement plan. But of course, nothing in life is ever 100 percent guaranteed. We hope that everything will go as you have planned, but you should familiarize yourself with some of the common risks to federal retirement and take the steps to mitigate them.

Outliving your money. This is a very real risk that applies to everyone, not just federal workers. The average lifespan is steadily increasing, with more people living to age 90 or even 100 than ever before. Have you considered the risk of outliving your money? If not, make that a part of your planning as you move forward.

The cost of health care. A longer life doesn’t necessarily mean a perfectly healthy life! The longer you live, the more likely you will incur serious medical expenses. Since the cost of health care is increasing at roughly double the rate of inflation, make sure your retirement budget includes room for significant out-of-pocket expenses. Remember, Medicare won’t cover everything you might need. Long-term nursing care is an increasingly common, and large, expense faced by many retirees. How would you pay it?

Inflation. Aside from the cost of health care, prices of a variety of goods and services rise nearly every year. You will notice a significant decrease in your purchasing power over the course of a 20-year or 30-year retirement. Can your expected retirement budget handle the strain?

Taxes. You might assume that you will enjoy a lower tax rate during retirement, due to your income being much smaller. In most cases you would be right. But what happens when policy changes force new or higher taxes? Nothing is guaranteed, and you might not be able to count on low taxes for the entire course of a retirement that spans two decades or more.

Risk of loss. The market doesn’t always perform as we hope, and this can leave a retiree’s future looking very uncertain. When you calculated your fixed withdrawal rate (if you went with that option), did you include the risk of asset loss? If your principal shrinks faster than expected, you might be tempted to risk more of your money to regain losses. Schedule an appointment with us, and we can help you stress-test your retirement income.

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5 Ways to Protect Yourself from Retirement Fraud

Posted by Gary Raetz 5 Ways to Protect Yourself from Retirement Fraud

During your career, you might have worried about the health of your retirement fund, and whether you would be able to retire one day. But once you have made the leap into retirement, does that mean you don’t have to worry anymore? Of course not. Retirees face a number of challenges, and unfortunately one of those is the risk of fraud. Con artists frequently try to take advantage of retirees, but you can take the following measures to protect yourself.

Simplify. We all know that we face the risk of declining mental acuity as we age. But when will it start? It can be very difficult to see the signs in yourself. One way to prevent financial problems is to simplify investments before you begin having trouble with managing them. As you grow older, you might find that it is easier to put all of your money together, where it is more stable and easier to oversee.

Get rid of credit cards. If you hold multiple active credit cards, you might not notice one is missing until it’s too late. Reduce your card count to one or two that provide good benefits, and get rid of the others.

Designate someone with power of attorney. Choose a trusted, responsible person and grant them durable power of attorney in the event of your capacity. If an accident or sudden illness occurs, it could be too late to make this decision. It’s usually a good idea to choose someone other than your spouse, who is probably about your age and subject to the same health problems. Consider an adult child or trust, younger friend instead. Make sure this person understands your financial situation, risk tolerance, long term plan, and so on.

Take advantage of technology. Set up email alerts with your financial institution, so that you and your power of attorney receive notifications any time large transactions are conducted. This will help to protect you from con artists, and from yourself in case dementia occurs.

Consult with your financial advisor on a regular basis. Perhaps the best way to protect yourself from fraud is to establish a solid long-term financial plan, and stick to it. Discuss any new ideas with us first, so that we can help you assess its validity and steer you away from trouble.

15453 – 2016/3/2

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Keeping Your Money in the TSP After Retirement

Posted by Gary Raetz Keeping Your Money in the TSP After Retirement

After you retire, you will face many different choices regarding your retirement benefits. One of these choices will involve your money that has accumulated in the Thrift Savings Plan: Should you keep your money in the TSP, or withdraw it and invest it some other way?

Unfortunately, there is not a single answer that always works perfectly for everyone. Before we can answer that question, you should ask yourself two more.

Do you want easy access to your money in retirement?

During your career, the Thrift Savings Plan provided you with an easy way to save money for retirement. Once you’re retired, it’s an entirely different ballgame. The TSP offers only one method of withdrawal in retirement, through automatic monthly distributions. That might not be very convenient for you, because you can only make changes to your distributions once per year, during a limited period in the fall, and you can only make changes for the following year. You also cannot take money out of your TSP to cover a large unexpected expense.

There are many other ways in which keeping your money in the TSP can be inconvenient. But the bottom line is that if you want regular monthly distributions and you’re okay with the other inconveniences, it’s still okay to keep your money there.

What type of investment options do you want to access?

Let’s say you want to purchase an annuity, but need cash for the lump-sum payment. If you have performed the calculations, weighed the benefits, and have decided that this is the right path for you, then you might wish to pull the money from your TSP at retirement. Or, you might wish to invest that money in some other way that suits you; the stock market, real estate, or even starting your own business. We can’t attest to the solidity of these plans, only that there are reasons you might not want to leave your money in the TSP.

One final thing to consider: Who is your beneficiary? If you decide to leave your money in the TSP, your spouse can also do that after your death. However, non-spouse beneficiaries must withdraw all of the money upon inheriting your account. That could trigger serious tax problems (and loss of some funds) for your beneficiary, so this is an issue to consider carefully.

For more information about your Thrift Savings Plan or retirement in general, call our office to schedule an appointment. We specialize in guiding federal employees through these difficult decisions.

15452 – 2016/3/2

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Watch Out for These Retiree Mistakes

Posted by Gary Raetz Watch Out for These Retiree Mistakes

You’ve never retired before, and you’re probably going to do it only once. So it’s no wonder that many people make mistakes when they stop working and begin living off of their retirement benefits and savings. Luckily, you can learn from the mistakes of other retirees, and hopefully avoid making these blunders yourself!

Don’t let your credit rating slip. Your credit score is important to securing a mortgage or a low-interest car loan. But some retirees, who don’t anticipate buying another home or car, let their credit scores slip. Maybe they’re just forgetting to make payments on time, or are too busy enjoying their new lives. But your credit rating is still important, and helps you lock-in items like extra funds in an emergency, or a reasonable car insurance rate. Continue to protect your credit score, obtain a copy of your credit history once per year, and report any errors immediately.

Don’t take on too much debt. Sometimes retirees get a bit carried away with all of their freedom, and splurge on a new boat or a European vacation. There’s nothing wrong with rewarding yourself, but make sure you have a plan to pay for these luxuries. The last thing you want to do is saddle yourself with an uncomfortable financial burden.

Don’t count on your home’s equity. If you can cash out your home’s equity and use that money to help fund your retirement, that’s great! But remember not to count too heavily upon that equity when making your retirement plans. The real estate market fluctuates significantly, and sometimes bad luck prevents you from selling your home. It’s best to make sure your retirement income is stable without your home’s equity.

Don’t forget your medical expenses. Retirees are often shocked by the cost of health care in retirement. Remember to leave room in your budget for unexpected expenses, and count upon the cost of health care rising each year. Consider, also, supplemental Medicare plans or long-term care insurance to help you manage costs.

Don’t try to go it alone. Retirement decisions are some of the most important ones you will make in your life. Seek the advice of an expert, who can help guide you through the complicated maze of your retirement system. It’s better to be prepared, than to suffer the unforeseen consequences of a hasty decision. Call us for an appointment, and take advantage of our years of experience in retirement planning.

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Assess Your Retirement Readiness: 5 Questions to Ask Yourself

Posted by Gary Raetz Assess Your Retirement Readiness: 5 Questions to Ask Yourself

It’s one thing to understand the facts about your retirement benefits system; it’s quite another thing to understand whether you’re really ready to retire! There are many different ways to answer this question, but taking the following fives steps will give you a better overview of where you stand.

Take a look at your current living expenses. Do you currently pay for a lot of unnecessary expenses, that you might not be able to afford during retirement? No one is saying that you shouldn’t have any fun, but be honest with yourself about your future retirement lifestyle. It’s often better to gradually cut back on luxuries now, in the years before retirement, than to make a sudden transition to a more frugal lifestyle. And as an added bonus, cutting expenses now will help you save more money for the future.

Be honest about your debt. Do you want to enter retirement saddled by debt? Probably not! You hope to enjoy your retirement without the added stress of unnecessary bills. Even if you have to work a year or two longer to pay off credit cards first, it will be worth it in the long run.

Consider your house payment. Speaking of debt, your house payment might be your biggest one. Ask yourself whether you need that large home, or whether another location might offer a lower cost of living. Many retirees can cash out enough equity from the sale of their old homes that they can pay cash for a smaller condo or house. At the very least, you could significantly reduce your monthly living expenses by making a single decision.

Estimate your health care expenses. Health care bills are some of the largest expenses faced by retirees. Make sure you understand the benefits and limitations of the health care plan you will use in retirement. You don’t want to be surprised by large co-pays or deductibles, or the cost of long-term nursing care. Carefully consider the additional forms of insurance available to you, such as long-term care insurance or Medicare supplemental plans.

Establish an emergency fund. When planning your retirement budget, ask yourself how you will cover the cost of emergencies. What will happen if you need a major car repair, a new roof on your home, or some other significant expense? Make sure to set aside some liquid funds in a savings account before you retire.

For more help estimating the cost of your future retirement lifestyle, call our office to schedule an appointment. We can help you make the necessary adjustments to your current and future budgets, and decide upon a target retirement date.

15318 – 2016/2/1

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9 Things About Federal Retirement that You Might Not Know : Part Two

Posted by Gary Raetz 9 Things About Federal Retirement that You Might Not Know : Part Two

The federal retirement system can be complicated and confusing, even for federal workers who have had decades to become familiar with their benefits. In part one of this blog, we revealed five lesser-known “secrets” of the FERS system. Read on for four more surprising facts about your retirement system.

You can make certain changes to your health benefits after retirement. If you and your spouse are both federal employees, you might already know that you can choose two self-only enrollments in the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program, or you can both enroll in one self-and-family plan. Once you both retire, you can change from one self-and-family plan to two self-only plans if it benefits you, and both of you will retain continuous coverage.

No earnings limit after you reach full retirement age. You might know that claiming your Social Security benefits early, while you’re still working, can result in a reduction of your benefits depending upon how much money you earn. But once you reach full retirement age, as defined by Social Security, you can file for your own benefits, survivor’s benefits, or spousal benefits without being subject to an earnings limit. You will receive your full benefits check no matter how much money you earn each year.

Death benefits for your surviving spouse. You might worry about what will happen to your spouse, in the event that you pass away before you retire. Your spouse will be eligible to receive a lump sum death benefit payment, plus 50 percent of your final basic annual pay rate. If you had accumulated at least 10 years of creditable service, your surviving spouse can also receive a spousal annuity. These rules might also apply to your ex-spouse, depending upon your divorce agreement.

Your Social Security benefits might not be subject to state taxes. Because of your income from federal retirement benefits and the Thrift Savings Plan, you might already know that your Social Security benefits might be subject to federal income taxes. However, in most states those benefits will not be subject to state taxes. Some federal retirees choose to move to a state that will not tax their Social Security benefits.

Did any of these little-known facts surprise you? If you have questions or want to learn more about your federal employee retirement benefits, call our office to schedule an appointment.

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9 Things About Federal Retirement that You Might Not Know : Part One

Posted by Gary Raetz 9 Things About Federal Retirement that You Might Not Know : Part One

The federal retirement system carries excellent benefits for government workers, but like any government system it can be confusing at best! Even those of you who have a solid understanding of your retirement benefits might be surprised by these five little-known facts.

Early benefits. If you separate from federal service in the year that you turn 55, you can probably withdraw a monthly payments or a partial payment from your Thrift Savings Plan account. This provision confers a major benefit to federal employees, because most other retirement plans require you to be age 59 ½ before distributions can begin (or you would suffer a 10 percent tax penalty for early withdrawals).

A different formula for those who worked abroad. If you performed service abroad, you might be subject to a more generous computation of your retirement benefits.

You can postpone your benefit. If you leave federal service after reaching your minimum retirement age, before age 62, and between 10 and 30 years of service, you can postpone your retirement benefit to avoid the age reduction. If you choose the postponed annuity, you might also be able to reinstate your Federal Employees Health Benefits.

No annual earnings report in certain situations. Most of the time, when you receive your FERS annuity supplement, you must complete an annual earnings report in order to maintain eligibility. But certain groups are exempt from this rule, and do not have to complete the report.

Credit for unused sick leave. Beginning on January 1, 2014, FERS employees were able to receive a 100 percent credit for unused sick leave. The old rules provided for only a 50 percent credit, so this is an important update to know if you plan to retire soon.

The above items are just some of the recent changes and unusual rule exceptions to the federal retirement system. Check out part two of this blog for more surprising information, and remember to call us if you have any questions about your FERS benefits.

15317 – 2016/2/1

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5 Signs of a Tax Scam

Posted by Gary Raetz 5 Signs of a Tax Scam

The holidays are over, and now it’s everyone’s favorite time of year: Tax season! Okay, so maybe it isn’t your favorite time of year, but you can bet criminals enjoy it. Every year, con artists scam tax payers out of millions of dollars by launching phony tax schemes. Watch out for these six signs of a scam, and remember to report any odd activity to the IRS and local law enforcement immediately.

Fake calls from the IRS. No matter what anyone tells you on the phone, remember that the IRS will not ask for payments or your checking account information this way. Con artists might try to scare you into compliance by threatening law enforcement, telling you you’ve been audited, or even mentioning something as ridiculous as deportation. In reality, the IRS will not make threats this way. If there is ever a problem with your tax return, they will send you a letter in the mail. Don’t give out personal information over the phone!

Your Caller ID might even trick you. Unfortunately, you can’t even trust your Caller ID to tell you the truth. Criminals know that’s the first thing you will check, so they use programs that make their number appear to be an official government line. If you’re in doubt, hang up the phone and call the IRS at 1-800-829-1040. A real representative can tell you if there are any concerns about your tax return.

Suspicious charities. Sadly, many “charities” are just bogus scams. You might receive a letter or phone call from a very official-sounding charity, reminding you that donations are tax deductible. However, you can only deduct charitable donations to organizations approved by the IRS, so check with them first to make sure a charity is legitimate.

You’re told that you already filed a tax return. You file your tax return, only to receive a notice from the IRS stating that you already filed your taxes. What happened? Unfortunately, this means a criminal used your information to claim a refund in your name. They can’t do this unless they have gained access to your personal information in some way, so never give out your Social Security number to anyone other than your employer and your tax accountant.

If this has already happened to you in the past, you can request a special personal identification number (PIN) from the IRS so that you can safely file your taxes in the future.

Fake tax preparation schemes. Any time someone offers to prepare your taxes for you, you should automatically be on guard. Stick with your trusted accountant, or call us for a referral. Many tax preparation “businesses” are just con artists looking to steal your information.

15253 – 2016/1/12

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9 Ways to Earn More Social Security Benefits

Posted by Gary Raetz 9 Ways to Earn More Social Security Benefits

For most retirees, Social Security makes up a meaningful portion of their income. If you’re nervous about the prospect of living on a fixed income for the rest of your life, take these steps to ensure that your reap as much from Social Security as possible.

Check your work credits. Your benefits will be based upon your earnings history, so it makes sense to double check with your Social Security representative to make sure your history is accurate. Ask for a copy of it, and scrutinize it for inaccuracies.

Earn more each year. This one is a no-brainer, since Social Security benefits are based upon your earnings history. Find a way to earn a bit more money each year, whether through a side job or going back to school to learn new skills that will advance you in the workplace.

Work for at least 35 years. Your benefits are calculated according to your 35 highest-earning years. If you don’t report income in many years, that’s a lot of zeros included in your calculation.

Keep working until your full retirement age. If you claim your benefits early, before you’ve reached “full retirement age” as defined by Social Security, your checks will be permanently reduced. Keep working so that you aren’t forced to claim your benefits early due to financial hardship.

Work until age 70. Claiming your benefits too early can result in smaller checks, but the opposite is also true. If you keep working until age 70, your benefits will increase by about 8 percent for each year that you delay claiming them.

Don’t forget your spousal benefits. If your work record doesn’t lend itself to a sizable Social Security benefit, investigate what you would receive by claiming spousal benefits instead. Your benefit will amount to 50 percent of your spouse’s checks, which could be greater than your own benefit amount. You can even claim spousal benefits if you’re divorced, so long as you were married for at least 10 years.

Don’t earn too much after you claim your benefits. If you claim your benefits before full retirement age, your Social Security checks could be heavily taxed depending upon your earnings. This is another good reason to delay claiming your benefits until later, when you’re finished working or you’re ready to work only part time.

Don’t forget your dependents. If you have a dependent child, you might also be able to claim Social Security for them once you claim your own benefits. Granted, your children are likely to be grown by this point, but this rule also applies if your adult child is disabled and dependent upon you.

Remember your survivor’s benefit. If your spouse dies, you can inherit their benefit if it is greater than your own.
For more information on Social Security benefits, or about retirement income planning in general, give us a call. We can help you find the solutions that fit your situation!

15252 – 2016/1/12

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